The Sun and Moon
Learning from Outer-space
The Earths Sun!
The Sun is a star that is similar to the ones you see in the night sky. It only appears larger because it is much closer to the earth.
Our Sun is made up hot gases called plasma. This plasma is so hot that it glows!
The reason why the sun is so warm is because of the reactions between particles in the core.
What does the Sun look like?
The outside of the core is covered of swirling layers of plasma. These huge loops of gases are called prominence's! (video below)
When prominence's explode into space they are called solar flares. If these solar flares reach Earth they create auroras. (video below)
The Earths Moon!
Did you know that the moon may look like it is shining at night, but that light you see is the sunlight that reflects off the moon's surface.
The shape of the moon appears to change because of the alignment of the Moon and the Sun. It all depends on how much sunlight is lighting up the part we can see from earth.
The moon has eight phases: New Moon, Waxing Crescent, First Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Wanning Gibbous, Last Quarter, and Waning Crescent.