Hurricane Sandy affects millions!

One of the most deadly disasters to hit America!

By: Hari Mallidi, Karan Uppal, and Vishal Patel

What is Hurricane Sandy and how did it affect America?

Hurricane Sandy is a Category 3 hurricane that swept through the East Coast of the U.S. in late October 2012. The post tropical hurricane left more than 110 people dead, and thousands of homes were destroyed. Hurricane Sandy destroyed communities, schools, and cities in New York, New Jersey, and wherever else the hurricane struck. Hurricane Sandy started in the Caribbean as a tropical wave. As it went up the North, it gathered more speed as it traveled across the tropical areas such as Jamaica, the Bahamas, etc. until it reached the North East as a category 3 hurricane that would destroy thousands, ruining their chance to live like everybody else. The hurricane reached the U.S. about at 8 pm, Oct 29 destroying parts of New Jersey as it was being torn down by 80 mph winds. In the past few days, it went more towards inland devastating homes in areas such as New York. Streets were flooded, debris included power lines, homes, and trees. Hurricane Sandy left a cut on the country we know as America.

What was everything that was lost during the Hurricane?

Food and Water

When the hurricane struck the east coast, most of the food and water in the disaster area were swept or washed away by the hurricane. Almost every place that stored food were destroyed by the terrible currents of the disaster. The debris from homes, schools, factories, etc. contaminated the water with oil, gas, wood, bricks, wires, or anything else that can be found in the hurricane. This meant the people living there would not have a sustainable food and water supply. This was a big problem, but fortunately, people have managed to get about 250 truckloads full of food and groceries (about 7.6 million pounds of food) to reach the disaster area and support the disaster victims. If people can give enough food to the people living there, they can manage to bring the wrecked ruins of the North East into a thriving place.

Abotic and Biotic Factors

Everywhere you look, there would be wood, bricks, power lines, trees and any other type of rubble that the hurricane left behind. The debris made the soil and water very unhealthy for the plants and animals. This is because the debris from Sandy left behind unimaginable things. Including what would be in normal debris, there was sewage water, wet sand, concrete, and other things that would just make life harder for the disaster victims. The chemicals, dust and other unneeded substances would contaminate the water and will make it so that it is very unsafe to drink. Debris does not contain nutrients at all, so the soil will become not sustainable for life. The air would also be unhealthy due to the gaseous material hidden in the debris. People were not the only living things affected by the hurricane. Domestic animals such as cats and dogs would be lost, homeless, or killed, and without any companion, they can't survive out in the rubble. Other animals such as cows, pigs, or horses were most likely killed, but if they weren't, they would have to adapt to the not life sustainable lifestyle (which is probably impossible so they will die off unless someone rescues them). About 15 million dogs, 14 million cats, and 1.5 million horses were affected by the hurricane.


Gas and water supply were scarce in the aftermath of the hurricane. Due to the harsh winds making debris fly around the place, people were out of electricity and it led to power failure in at least 17 states. Roughly 1.3 million people were left with no power and were forced to find alternative ways to power up their houses. When the people were warned about the hurricane, gas stations, nuclear power plants, and more plants were forced to shut down to conserve energy and prevent any explosions from occurring. This way, there would be more energy reserves for the people to run their generators, etc. After a disaster, there will not be any energy left, so there needs to be an alternative so people can continue their daily lifestyle.


Fifty to sixty million people are expected to be affected by the storm at New York. Everyone weas warned even though it was only a category 3 hurricane, but no one was expecting the deadly surprise it gave them. This disaster was the second most costly natural disaster in America. Katrina was even more devastating than Sandy; it was a category 5. Katrina was the most costly. So if a category 3 hurricane is right behind a category 5, you can tell that Sandy was probably more devastating than expected. Sandy affected most of the Northeast coast. There was flooding in Maryland and Pennsylvania, and up to two feet of snow in West Virginia. Due to Sandy's size and duration of two to three days, we are able to compare this deadly storm to the devasating Hurricane Katrina. If people did know it would do this much damage, there would have been less fatalities. The surprisingly devastating hurricane destroyed food and water supplies, caused power outages, and killed others. Hurricane Sandy ruined the life of millions.

What scars did Hurricane Sandy leave on the disaster area?


Even though the debris already cleared from Sandy, the health is the longest impact from the hurricane. Because of the hurricane, many people got sick from the debris, contaminated water, and things such as the flu. Other things are that after the hurricane, the hospitals were destroyed or ran out of power. This means that the sick and injured are unable to get treatment. If that happens, the sickness will spread across the country. The contaminated water would have probably flooded the sanitation services in the state, so people will have to supply food and water to the people so they will have a good food and water source, and they will have to provide sanitation in the affected areas.

Contaminated Water

When Hurricane Sandy struck, 10 billion gallons of sewage were released into New York and New Jersey waterways. It also flooded treatment plants, rivers, beaches, etc. This was a major problem because it is very difficult to purify water. Because the water was contaminated by sewage water, debris, chemicals, etc., it would only ruin your body. Because the citizens of New York and New Jersey get water from their own state, they will have to drink that water. That could cause disease, virus, etc. If that water does get washed away, there is a chance that water could go another part of the country or come back. Water is essential to the human body, and if it is unhealthy, it could be big problem.

Why was Sandy such a monstrous hurricane compared to the others?

Even though Hurricane Sandy wasn't the worst hurricane that hit America, It cost around 62 billion U.S dollars damaging Cuba all the way to Canada's eastern provinces. It was the second most destructive hurricane that hit America and killed about 150 people and affected about 10 to 20 million people living in the most urban areas like New York. Compared to other hurricanes, Hurricane Sandy was a category 3, and other hurricanes that do this much damage are category 5's. The reason to this was because the hurricane hit very urban section of the country, and it caused enough tidal waves to suck up the coast into the Atlantic. This was the same scenario with Katrina which destroyed everything with the winds, floods, 15 ft tsunami's at the coast. Most other hurricanes just cost about 20 to 40 billion, but Hurricane Sandy did much worse.

Hurricane Sandy Video

Hurricane Sandy: As It Happened

Extra Sources Biblography

  • "Ooh, That Smell! Hurricane Sandy Released 10 Billion Gallons of Sewage into New York and New Jersey Waterways." NY Daily News. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2013.

  • "United States." N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2013.

  • "Hurricane Sandy’s Impact on Fish and Wildlife : Wildlife Promise." Wildlife Promise Hurricane Sandys Impact on Fish and Wildlife Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2013.
  • "Sandy's Surge Affected More Than 1.4 Million in 11 States – State of the Planet." State of the Planet Sandys Surge Affected More Than 14 Million in 11 States Comments. State of the Planet, 11 Dec. 2012. Web. 01 May 2013.
  • "Hurricane Sandy: As It Happened." YouTube. YouTube, 02 Nov. 2012. Web. 01 May 2013.