Anti-semitism

The backlash off Nationalism.

What was it?

Hostility to or prejudice against Jews. As national communities tightened their bonds, minority groups became distrusted, like the Jews and were persecuted.

Minority groups in various nations were discriminated against.

Zionism

A movement in the lat 19th century to establish a Jewish state in Palestine since they had no official territory in Europe. This was created by Herzel, but unfortunately this cause only resulted in conflict between the Jews and Palestinians that still last today.