The Wild Tundra

By: Brynn McFarlen and Macy Davis

Tundra

The first few meters of soil are completely frozen as the fertile soil lies underneath. It has 400 varieties of flowers but only 48 types of animals. Also during the summer it is daylight 24 hours a day. Plants that grow in tundra often grow in clusters to help protect themselves from severe water winds.

The Plants of the Tundra

Arctic Moss (Calliergon giganteum) - Can grow in water to escape the cold and stores energy to make leaves during the Spring, the growing season.

Caribou Moss (Cladonia rangiferina) - Actually a Lichen, or a fungi and algae living together, which is a symbiotic relationship. The lichen is capable of going dormant if there is little or no water.

Diamond-leaf Willow (Salix pulcha) - Grows across the ground a few inches tall and lives near creeks and marshes.

Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum) - grows up to 4 to 5 ft up in down in the warmer parts of the tundra, and across the ground further North.

Pasque Flower (Amemone patens) - Grows close to the ground in order to avoid the cold

The Animals of the Tundra

Tundra Vole (Microtur oecoromus) - Lives near steams or areas with cover to escape the cold, and tunnels through the ground to escape predators and travel.

Tundra Shrew (Sorex tundrensis) - Lives in dry climates with shrubs for cover and food.

Lemmings (Lemmus lemmus) - Burrows in snow tunnels to be safe from the cold and win. They sometimes drown in rivers and lakes...

Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) - Lives in groups/ Can walk in deep snow because of their long legs and flat wide hooves.

Musk Oxen (Ovibus moschatus) - Long fur coats and both males and females have horns. They travel in groups of 10 to 20 and constantly move as they feed. The form a circle to protect their young from danger.

Arctic Wolf (Canis lupus arctos) - White fur for camouflage and tick undercoat to keep warm. They hunt in small packs.

Wolverine (Gulo gulo) Climbs trees and rocks and "pounces" onto prey. They fight each other for territory.

Arctic Fox (Vulpes lagopus) - Lives on dens by river banks or dug into hills.

Weasel (Mustela ernminea) - Kills things then takes their burrows as homes. Nobody messes with weasels, not even a honey badger.

Arctic Hare (Lepus arcticus) - Thicker winter coats and lives in burrows to escape the cold.

Arctic Owl (Bubos scandiacus) - Flies close to the ground to find food, hunts all small mammals.

Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) - Long coat with that is white of camouflage, can swim and hunt in the water.

Climate for tundra
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Human influences

Facts

Most desolate place next to the desert with little life

Coldest area on the planet next to the arctic

One of the most natural places on the Earth, touched little by humans in areas without oil