Greece

by Sofia A. Facundo

Who are the 12 Olympian gods? (question and answer)

In Greek mythology, the 12 Olympian gods are the major deities of the Greek pantheon. Many of these gods are related or have a connection to Zeus. You will notice each god has a certain responsibility or attributes:

  • Zeus- Supreme ruler of gods. Lord of the sky and rain. Symbols: thunderbolt, oak tree, eagle.
  • Hera- Queen of gods. Married to Zeus. Protector of marriage. Symbols: peacock, cow, wedding ring.
  • Poseidon- Brother of Zeus. Lord of the sea. Symbols: sea, horse, dolphin, trident.
  • Hades- brother of Zeus. Lord of the underworld. Symbols: pomegranate, cap of invisibility.
  • Hestia- Sister of Zeus. Goddess of hearth. Symbols: fireplace.
  • Athena- Daughter of Zeus. Goddess of wisdom. Symbols: owl, olive, tree, plow, loom.
  • Artemis- Daughter of Zeus and Leto. Apollo is her twin brother. Goddess of moon/hunt. Symbols: moon, deer, silver bow and arrow.
  • Apollo- Son of Zeus and Leto. Artemis is his twin sister. God of music/light. Symbols: lyre, sun, mice, laurel tree.
  • Aphrodite- Goddess of love/beauty. Symbols: swan, roses, dove.
  • Hephaestus- Son of Zeus and Hera. God of fire/forge. Symbols: hammer, quail.
  • Ares- Son of Zeus and Hera. God of war. Symbols: dog, wild boar, vulture.
  • Hermes- Son of Zeus and Maia. Zeus's messenger. God of thieves and commerce. Symbols: Caduceus, Crane.
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The Greek War of Independence (Cause & Effect)

The Greek war of independence (1821-1829) was a war by the Greeks who gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. Greeks had help from the United Kingdom, France and Russia. The Greeks gained independence on march 25, 1821. They made the treaty of Costaninopole, on July of 1832. Today, march 25, is the national independence day in Greece.
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Greek eggplant moussaka recipe (sequence)

Ingredients


  • 3 large eggplants
  • kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1/2 lemon, sliced in thin circles
  • 1 handful fresh oregano leaves, chopped
  • 2 handfuls fresh flat leaf parsley, chopped
  • 2 pounds of ground lamb
  • 3 tablespoons of tomato paste
  • 1 (16 ounce) can of whole tomatoes drained and hand crushed
  • 8 oz of feta cheese, crumbled
  • 1 cup of freshly grated Parmesan
  • 1 cup of fresh bread crumbs
Directions



  1. cut off the stems of the eggplants, peel of the skin, and cut into 1/2 inch thick slices.
  2. Cover a skillet with oil and place the skillet over a medium flame.
  3. Fry the eggplant, until brown on both sides. Do this in batches, adding more oil, as necessary. Drain the eggplants as they cook.
  4. Add a little more oil to the pan, then put in the onion, lemon slices, garlic, parsley, and oregano. Cook and stir for about 3 minutes.
  5. Add the ground lamb, stir to break up the meat. Season the meat with salt and pepper and put in the cinnamon stick.
  6. Stir in the tomato paste and the hand crushed tomatoes. Stir occasionally then remove from heat.
  7. Preheat oven to 350 Degrees F
  8. Spread half of the meat sauce over your eggplant and even it out with a spatula. Sprinkle on about half of the feta and Parmesan.
  9. Keep layering, and finish it off with an eggplant layer and sprinkle bread crumbs on top .
  10. Bake for 30-40 minutes until the top is golden. Let it cool 10 minutes before serving it.
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Ancient Greek Philosophers

There were many people who became interested in philosophy, but the three great philosophers who made ancient Greek philosophy famous were Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. All these men lived most of their lives in Athens Greece, and they all knew each other. The first philosopher of all three was Socrates, who then had Plato as his student. The Athenians wanted to kill Socrates in 399 BC, and as a result, Plato was angry. Plato continued to write down his ideas based on what Socrates taught him, and eventually opened a school. Aristotle, came to Athens as a young teenager to study in Plato's school. As a grown up, Aristotle opened up his own school called "Lyceum".