New Parent Newsletter

Elizabeth Rodriguez

Newborn Appearance:

  • Your babies head may look out of shape, this is from the molding of the skull bones during labor and birth.
  • You may notice that your baby looks cross-eyed this is because their eye muscles are very weak at birth.
  • At birth your baby may have a thick cheese-like covering, which is called vernix caseosa.
  • Your baby may have soft downy hair that may cover its face and body, this is only temporary.
  • Your baby may have pale pink marks on their face and neck.
  • Your babies breathing is not like your breathing, they take little breathes and use their stomach muscles to help breathe.

Bonding:

  • Talking to your baby
  • Feeding time
  • Respond quickly when baby is upset
  • Use sense of touch as a language
  • Bath time
  • Play time
  • Read or sing to them
  • Changing time
  • Bedtime
  • Giving them a baby massage

Toys:

  • Is produced of durable material.
  • Has rounded edges.
  • Is painted with non-toxic substances.
  • Is colorful.
  • Has cords 12 inches or less.
  • Has tightly constructed parts.
  • Is age appropriate.



Examples:

  • Toy piano
  • Balls
  • Stuffed animals
  • Blocks
  • Music boxes
  • Rattles
  • Books

Breast Feeding:

Pros:

  • Reduction of respiratory ailments
  • Extra weight of mom comes off faster
  • Nutrients
  • Do not have to mess with bottles
  • Cheaper
  • No chemicals
  • Creates an emotional bond
  • Natural immunities to disease and illness
  • Sanitary


Cons:

  • Painful
  • The mother is the only one that can provide the milk
  • Time consuming
  • Mothers medicine can be hazardous to infant
  • Whatever the mother eats the baby also consumes
  • Jealousy of older siblings
  • Mother's breast will become enlarged
  • Mother can feel socially uncomfortable

Bottle Feeding:

Pros:


  • Reduces strain on weak or ill mother
  • Anyone can feed the baby
  • Convenient
  • Not as messy
  • Baby learns hand control
  • Easier to go back to work



Cons:


  • Expense of formula
  • Lots of equipment
  • Not getting natural immunities
  • Cleaning bottles is time consuming

Food:

At birth:

  • Milk through breast feeding or formula


2-4 weeks:

  • Orange juice or vitamin C supplements- vitamins


4 weeks:

  • Fluoridated water-helps form teeth


3 months:

  • Cereals which provide iron and taste differences- B vitamins


3-4 months:

  • Mashed hard-cooked egg yolk-protein and iron


4 months:

  • Pureed fruits and vegetables-vitamins


6 months:

  • Pureed meats-protein and iron


7 months:

  • Breads and pastas-Bvitamins- Carbohydrates


Later:

  • Strained and chopped adult food-all nutrients

Characteristics of a healthy child:

  • Sleeps soundly
  • Eats without much coaxing
  • Gains steadily in height and weight over the months
  • Teeth are in good condition
  • Few aches and pains
  • Enjoys both individual and group activity
  • Alert, active, cheerful, and interested in the happenings

SIDS Prevention:

  • SIDS is the sudden, unexplained death of an infant younger than one year of age
  • Place baby on back
  • Don't place their heads on pillows
  • Mattress should be firm
  • No extra bedding
  • Dress baby in sleeping clothing like a one piece sleeper, no blanket
  • Don't smoke or let anyone smoke around the baby
  • Baby should not sleep anywhere but their bed

Crib Safety:

  • Lead-free and non-toxic paints and finishes on equipment
  • Keep small objects out of the way
  • Choose a firm mattress that fits right in the crib
  • The crib bars should be spaced so that the baby's head will not fit
  • Pads fitted around the inside edge of the crib, but not fluffy or extravagant they should be tight
  • Do not place crib near a window