nonfiction literary terms



not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts

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example : lawyer,

The lawyer doesn't have any objectives bc their have different case and people to deal with


based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions

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example : a simile

compares thing using like or as

sweet as a honeybee

roar like a lion


prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another

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example : when somebody shows or acts different around somebody else

the teacher was bias toward a student bc they didn't like that student

Credible/ Valid

believable/ having a sound basis in logic or fact

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example : scientist

scientist have different logics in things they test


argument or reasoning put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument

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examle :students

students because they argue for a theory if they think they right


a mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument

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examle : parents and kids

kids think their right about something but they get proven wrong by their parents


the general attitude of a piece of writing

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example : book

a book has a lot of different tones


an idea that pervades a work of literature

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example : story

a story has a theme bc thats basically what makes the story

point of view

a particular attitude or way of considering a matter

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example: first,second,third point of view

1. First person point of view involves the use of either of the two pronouns “I” and “we”.

  • I felt like I was getting drowned with shame and disgrace.”

2. Second person point of view employs the pronoun “you”.

  • “Sometimes you cannot clearly discern between anger and frustration.”

3. Third person point of view uses pronouns like “he”, “she”, “it”, “they” or a name.

  • Mr. Stewart is a principled man. He acts by the book and never lets you deceive him easily.”

Emontial appeal

attempt to persuade the reader through and appeal to emotions,

morals, or values

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example: the introduction of a book

as u read the introduction it might get u hooked into reading the book

logical appeal

attempt to persuade the reader based on statistics and facts;


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they try to get u to come and buy something

like hello citizens come and get your flu shot and not the flu


asked in order to produce an effect or to make a statement rather than to elicit


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example : telling a kid they've grown

you did what ???

are u forreal???