Magnesium Presentation

by Dominick Scudiero

Facts about Magnesium

- Magnesium was recognized as an element in 1755


-Magnesium was first isolated by an English chemist Humphrey Davy, and was discovered through the magnesium oxide and Mercuric oxide in 1808.


-its first use was discovered by a farmer who recognized that it can heal scratches and wounds

Properties

  • Density: 1.738 g/mL
  • Melting Point: 650 C

  • Boiling Point: 1107 C

Uses

  • there are many metal alloys made out of magnesium such as Duralumin



  • Are used in car seats, luggage, laptops, and cameras




  • Also used in flares, fireworks, and sparklers due to being flamable




  • In different forms of the element it can be used in dyes

Compounds

  • Magnesium Sulfate Heptahydrate: MgSO
  • Magnesium Oxide: MgO
  • Magnesium Hydroxide: Mg(OH)2
  • Magnesium Carbonate: MgCO3
  • Magnesium Sulfate: MgSO4

PT Info

Atomic Mass: 24.305

Atomic Number: 12

Nuclide Notation:

MG12

6

Group

Alkaline Earth Metals:

-oxidation number of +2 makes them very reactive

-not found freely in nature

-present in earths crust but not in basic form

-distributed in rock structure

-two electrons in outer shell

-high boiling points

-high melting points

-Low density

Types of Reactions

Burning Magnesium (synthesis)
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Magnesium Oxide

Formula: MgO

Type: Ionic Bond

Big image
Percent Compisition:

Oxygen-39.6%

Magnesium-60.3%


VSPER shape:

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Stoichemotry

Balanced Chemical Equation:


2Mg+ O2=MgO


Calculation of 100g:


24.305+15.99x100x6.022x 10^23= 2.43x10^27

Specific Heat

Specific Heat of Magnesium: 1.20-Specific heat capacity at 25 Degrees C in J/gC

Melting point: 1,202F

Boiling point:1,996F

Creative

M: Mom

A: Always

G: Gave

N: Nickie

E: Effort

S: So

I: I

U: Understood

M: Morals