Mariyah Thomas 7th Period
The Constitutional Convention met in 1787. Delegates met to give Congress more power. Delegates included only white, male landowners. Some delegates wanted a republic. They thought a republic would protect citizens’ rights. Others wanted a federal system. In a federal system, Congress could share power with the states.
Legislative Branch-part of the United States government that creates laws. Whenever you read about congresspeople in the Senate or House debating a law, you're reading about the legislative branch: the branch of the government that writes, debates, and passes laws. Making laws can be called legislating.
Delegates- A person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.
Gouverneur Morris- A Founding Father of the United States, and a native of New York City who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation.
The Compromise Of Virginia
The Virginia Plan- Written by James Madison and proposed by Edmund
Randolph presented a federal government divided into three branches of
government: executive, legislative, and judicial. It was modeled after the
writings of Montesquieu, who proposed that governmental power must be
divided in order to keep government from becoming corrupt. The Virginia Plan
forced the convention into a conflict of interest between the large states and the
small states. The states with a smaller population wanted equal representation
in the legislative branch of the government with that of the states with larger
The Compromise of New Jersey
The idea of equal representation was an argument proposed by the smaller
states, who were afraid that the larger states would control the government if
population was the sole basis for representation. The solution to the problem of
large state tyranny, equal representation by each state, was contained in the
New Jersey Plan, which called for only one house of Congress. Each state
would have an equal number of representatives in Congress.
The Great Compromise
The Great Compromise, also called the Connecticut Compromise, was first
suggested by Benjamin Franklin to resolve the differences between the large
states' Virginia Plan (representation based on population) and the small states'
New Jersey Plan.
The 3/5 Compromise
The conflict over slavery was complicated. Slavery had existed in some form
throughout the history of the world for thousands of years. The colonial
practice was established shortly after the early settlements were established.
Although many of the Founding Fathers / Framers of the Constitution were
personally opposed to slavery, all of the citizens attending the Constitutional
Convention recognized that many of the agricultural plantations depended on
slaves for the workers. The institution of slavery was universally accepted in
the south and there were slaves working in most of the colonies.
Delegates from three of the Southern States said that their state would refuse to
be a part of the national government if it denied their citizens the right to buy,
sell, and own slaves. Delegates from other states opposed slavery, but they wanted the Southern states to be a part of the United States. The southern states wanted to count the slaves as population for representation. The northern states didn't want the slaves to count if they had no rights as citizens. They thought this would give the South an unfair advantage in votes taken in the House of Representatives. Finally the two sides reached a compromise. The slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for representation to
the House of Representatives.
Federalists and Antifederalists
Federalists-The supporters of the proposed Constitution called themselves "FEDERALISTS." Their adopted name implied a commitment to a loose, decentralized system of government. In many respects "FEDERALISM" — which implies a strong central government — was the opposite of the proposed plan that they supported. A more accurate name for the supporters of the Constitution would have been "NATIONALISTS."
The Battle of Ratification
The Bill of Rights
Freedom Of Religion,Freedom of Speech,Freedom Of Press,Freedom of Assembly
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Guarantees the right to a Grand Jury, forbids "Double Jeopardy",and protects against self-Incrimination.
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.