Constitution Mini-Project

Mariyah Thomas 7th Period

Constitution Convention

The Constitutional Convention met in 1787. Delegates met to give Congress more power. Delegates included only white, male landowners. Some delegates wanted a republic. They thought a republic would protect citizens’ rights. Others wanted a federal system. In a federal system, Congress could share power with the states.


Federal System-pertaining to or of the nature of a union of states under a central government distinct from the individual governments of the separate states, as in federal government.

Legislative Branch-part of the United States government that creates laws. Whenever you read about congresspeople in the Senate or House debating a law, you're reading about the legislative branch: the branch of the government that writes, debates, and passes laws. Making laws can be called legislating.

Delegates- A person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.

Gouverneur Morris- A Founding Father of the United States, and a native of New York City who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation.

The Compromise Of Virginia

The Virginia Plan- Written by James Madison and proposed by Edmund

Randolph presented a federal government divided into three branches of

government: executive, legislative, and judicial. It was modeled after the

writings of Montesquieu, who proposed that governmental power must be

divided in order to keep government from becoming corrupt. The Virginia Plan

forced the convention into a conflict of interest between the large states and the

small states. The states with a smaller population wanted equal representation

in the legislative branch of the government with that of the states with larger


Big image

The Compromise of New Jersey

The idea of equal representation was an argument proposed by the smaller

states, who were afraid that the larger states would control the government if

population was the sole basis for representation. The solution to the problem of

large state tyranny, equal representation by each state, was contained in the

New Jersey Plan, which called for only one house of Congress. Each state

would have an equal number of representatives in Congress.

Big image

The Great Compromise

The Great Compromise, also called the Connecticut Compromise, was first

suggested by Benjamin Franklin to resolve the differences between the large

states' Virginia Plan (representation based on population) and the small states'

New Jersey Plan.

Big image

The 3/5 Compromise

The conflict over slavery was complicated. Slavery had existed in some form

throughout the history of the world for thousands of years. The colonial

practice was established shortly after the early settlements were established.

Although many of the Founding Fathers / Framers of the Constitution were

personally opposed to slavery, all of the citizens attending the Constitutional

Convention recognized that many of the agricultural plantations depended on

slaves for the workers. The institution of slavery was universally accepted in

the south and there were slaves working in most of the colonies.

Delegates from three of the Southern States said that their state would refuse to

be a part of the national government if it denied their citizens the right to buy,

sell, and own slaves. Delegates from other states opposed slavery, but they wanted the Southern states to be a part of the United States. The southern states wanted to count the slaves as population for representation. The northern states didn't want the slaves to count if they had no rights as citizens. They thought this would give the South an unfair advantage in votes taken in the House of Representatives. Finally the two sides reached a compromise. The slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for representation to

the House of Representatives.

Big image

Federalists and Antifederalists

ANTI-FEDERALISTS were a diverse coalition of people who opposed ratification of the Constitution. Although less well organized than the Federalists, they also had an impressive group of leaders who were especially prominent in state politics.

Federalists-The supporters of the proposed Constitution called themselves "FEDERALISTS." Their adopted name implied a commitment to a loose, decentralized system of government. In many respects "FEDERALISM" — which implies a strong central government — was the opposite of the proposed plan that they supported. A more accurate name for the supporters of the Constitution would have been "NATIONALISTS."

Big image

The Battle of Ratification

The new Constitution was finished by September 8. It was sent to a committee to be polished and arranged in good order. Gouverneur Morris composed a brief preamble. The completed document was approved on September 17, 1787. Congress received the Constitution later that month and sent it on to the states for ratification. The Constitution now had to be approved by nine states.Many people feared centralized power or disliked aspects of the new government. Others saw the Constitutional Convention as an unlawful conspiracy. Opponents of the Constitution became known as Anti-Federalists.
Big image

The Bill of Rights

The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. Written by James Madison in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties, the Bill of Rights lists specific prohibitions on governmental power.

Amendment I

Freedom Of Religion,Freedom of Speech,Freedom Of Press,Freedom of Assembly

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment V

Guarantees the right to a Grand Jury, forbids "Double Jeopardy",and protects against self-Incrimination.

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Process of Amending the Constitution

The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.