Civil Rights Movement
By Jaron Kroplin
The Civil Rights Movement - Previous & Current
The African-American Civil Rights Movement main goal was to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans. It lasted from 1954 to 1968. It caused riots, deaths, and town destruction throughout the South. Leaders ascended from the South to try and help stop the racial segregation between the whites and blacks. People such as Martin Luther King Jr. , Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X put effort into helping. Some leaders might not live.
Forms of protest and civil disobedience included boycotts such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-56) in Alabama. Sit-ins such as the Greensboro sit-ins (1960) in North Carolina. Marches such as the Selma to Montgomery Marches (1965). There was also a wide range of other nonviolent activities that were used. Lives were taken in the movement that all men are created equal.
Tactics & Strategies
One of the most effective tactics used in the Civil Rights Movement was civil disobedience. Civil disobedience is the use of non-violent actions to disrupt state activity. No matter the cause the people wouldn't fight back. The most famous example of civil disobedience is Rosa Parks' story. Rosa Parks refused to move on the bus when a white man tried to take her seat. Although 15-year old Claudette Colvin had done the same thing nine months earlier, Parks' action led directly to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. It was one of the most famous acts in history.
Another effective tactic used in the Civil Rights Movement was the Boycotts. Boycotts is the use of non-violent actions to disrupt state activity. Boycotts were used to stand up to whites in a non-violent, but effective way.The Bus boycotts in Montgomery is a example. Blacks were arrested for refusing to surrender their seats to a white person. It became such a big deal that it led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional. Many important figures in the Civil Rights Movement that took part in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy.
Overall, innocent lives were taken in the painful years of the Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement was a movement to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans. It was a thing many thought might never end, but luckily it did. Groups were formed and people rose to power. Rich history and famous events were created. African-Americans used different strategies and tactics when going about how to end it. The most effective tactics and strategies were civil disobedience and boycott. The reason they were the best is because it was the most successful in ending racial segregation and discrimination.
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year old African-American woman who worked as a seamstress, boarded the Montgomery City bus to go home from work. On this bus, Rosa Parks initiated a new era in the American quest for freedom and equality.
"I Have A Dream"
On August 28, 1963, at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C.. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered one of the most famous speeches ever on the segregation of blacks and whites. This speech would have a huge impact on the Civil Rights Movement and spark a fire.
The three Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965 were part of the Voting Rights Movement in Selma, Alabama. They highlighted racial injustice in the South and they contributed that year to the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
"I Have A Dream"
Organizations Of The Civil Rights Movement
CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) - A U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Founded in 1942, CORE was one of the "Big Four" civil rights organizations, along with the SCLC, the SNCC, and the NAACP. Even though it still exist, the CORE has been much less influential since the end of the 1955–68 civil rights movement. They were a mixed race organization consisting of blacks and whites. The CORE became one of the leading activist organizations in the early years of the Civil Rights Movement. In the early 1960s, CORE worked with other groups to launch a series of plans. The Freedom Riders, aimed at desegregating public facilities, the Freedom Summer voter registration project, and the historic 1963 March on Washington. The CORE started out as a non-violent approach to end racial segregation, but by the late 1960s the group shifted its focus towards black nationalism and separatism.
Leaders Of The Civil Rights Movement
Malcolm X - Born on May 19, 1925 and died February 21, 1965. Malcolm was an American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. He was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African-Americans in history. He had a rough early life as he was orphaned as a young child, his father died when he was six, and his mother was placed in a mental hospital. He died at the age of 39 by multiple gun shot wounds. Malcolm X excelled in junior year of high school but dropped out after a white teacher told him that practicing law, his aspiration at the time, was "no realistic goal for a black people". Later Malcolm X recalled feeling that the white world offered no place for a career-oriented black man, regardless of their talent.