Obesity is a Large Issue

What is Body Mass Index and the Obese?

Many people are obese. Over 78.6 million just in the U.S. If you are obese it means you have too much body fat. If you have a Body Mass Index or BMI between 25 and 30 you’re considered overweight, and if you have a BMI of 30 or higher you are considered obese. Since 1980 the obesity rate has more than doubled. Now more than 1.9 billion people in the world are overweight, and of these people, 600 million are obese. In 2013, 42 million children, all under the age of five, were overweight or even obese. In the time from 1980 to 2012, the obesity rate in children 6 to 11 went up from 7% to 21%. In that same time frame, the obesity rate in teenagers 12 to 19 went up from 5% up all the way to 21%.

What are Some Causes of Obesity

There are many reasons for people to be overweight or obese. One of the big reasons is that many people and children, spend hours in front of a TV or computers doing work and leisure activities. More than two hours a day of TV has been linked with obesity. Research shows that if you have a lack of sleep it can lead to being overweight, which overtime can lead to obesity. On school grounds, you are more likely to find sugary drinks and non-healthy food. Over half of the middle schools and high schools continue to offer sugary drinks and non-healthy food to buy. Not only that, but students can also get snacks throughout the day from vending machines. As you age, you tend to lose muscle, especially if you're less active than you should be. If you decide to not lower your calorie intake as you get older, you will most likely gain weight.

What are the Effects of Obesity

Obesity can be associated with an increased risk for various types of cancer, including breast cancer. Cancer can also be found in the; colon, esophagus and kidneys. People who are overweight or obese have an increased chance of stroke, liver disease, sleep apnea and other breathing problems. Like said before, obesity can cause sleep apnea. This is a condition where your breathing constantly stops and starts, or you'll begin to breathe shallowly. Sleep apnea obviously occurs during sleep.


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