Sentence Types and Patterns

Beginner 1-4

Things to know...

Simple Sentence: a sentence with only one independent clause.

Compound Sentence: a sentence with two Independent Clauses and a Comma, Semicolon, Conjunction, or Independent Marker.

Independent Marker: some independent markers are therefore, moreover, thus, consequently, however, and also.

Conjunction: A conjunction is a word used to connect clauses and sentences like and, but, nor, or, so, for, and yet.

Pattern One: Simple Sentence

Pattern one is a simple sentence. It has one independent clause, and can stand on its own. It is only one idea. An independent clause is a only one complete idea with a subject and verb.

An example is: The dog barked.

Pattern 2: Compound Sentence

Pattern two is a compound sentence. It has two different ideas, and is connected by a comma and conjunction.

An example would be: The dog was eating, but barked when he heard his name.

Pattern 3: Compound Sentence

Pattern three is also a compound sentence. It is an independent clause then a semicolon, and then another independent clause.

An example is: There was a robbery at the bank; we still don't know who did it.

Pattern 4: Compound Sentence

Pattern four is an independent clause, a semicolon, an independent marker, an independent clause, and then a period.

An example is: He left the bank with all the money; however he left his driver's licence and wallet at the bank.

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