Cold War: Superpowers Face Off
By Caleb, Patrick, Lee, Keydra, and Mickayla
Allies Become Enemies
Germany also had to pay the Soviet Union to compensate for its loss of life and property. In June of 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union temporarily set aside their differences. They joined 48 other countries in forming the United Nations. An 11-member body called the Security Council had the real power to investigate and settle disputes. Despite agreement at Yalta and their presence on the Security Council, the United States and the Soviet Union split after the war.
Eastern Europe's Iron Curtain
Easter Europe’s Iron Curtain
One of the main goals of the Soviet Union was to guard itself from another invasion in the west. History had taught them to be fearful of invasion, considering they were invaded by Germany in both World Wars, and by Napoleon in the 19th century.
Soviets build a buffer
After WWII, Soviet troops occupied a strip of countries along their own western border. Stalin saw these as a buffer to protect from invasion. He secured a Communist government across the countries of Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Poland, and Yugoslavia. In July 1945, Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Stalin met at Potsdam, Germany to discuss these countries. Truman pressed Stalin to allow free elections in Eastern Europe. He refused and stated that Communism and Capitalism could not exist in the same world.
An Iron Curtain Divides East and West
Europe had been split between the two different governments, the Soviets with Communism, and Western Europe which has mostly democratic governments.
US and Soviet relations continued to worsen in 1946 and 1947
President Truman adopted a Foreign policy called contain me
It was made to prevent the expansion of communism and Soviet influence
The Truman Doctrine was like a reward for the countries that rejected
Creation of the United Nations
48 countries joined the United Nations
United Nations was created in order to protect the members against aggression
The new peacekeeping organization established a large body called the General Assembly
There are five permanent members, Britain, China, France, The United States, and the Soviet Union
Differing U.S. and Soviet Goal
The United States was the world's richest and most powerful country , suffered 400,000 deaths.
The Soviets had at least 50 times as many fatalities