by Georgia Coffman, Beth Jenkins, Ronan O'Connor
When colonization began and how it happened
French started process of colonization in Algeria and by 1880s the European population of Algeria was more than 350,000
How was this colony governed? Who was in control?
The French government was in control of the colony
Major imports & exports
More than four fifths of the country is taken up by the Sahara Desert (hottest deset in the world) and is unavailable for agricultural use
What was life like for the native people?
Algeria is a predominantly Muslim country and the Muslim population was discriminated against and not accepted by the European settlers, esp. in schools
Terrorist violence was common in French Algeria
French soldiers would often rape young women and children
The FLN uprising- National Liberation Front
Phillipeville Massacre- French army tried to resettle 2 million villagers to try and separate the FLN group
The battle of Algiers- FLN had 3 female agents plant bombs across popular cities, then in the spring of 1957 the FLN blew up the bombs and attacked the townspeople
The Algerian War- independence movement
How and when the colony gained independence
The war of independence started in Aures mountains in 1954 with guerrilla warfare. The French responded to this uprising as an act of treason and responded with massive force. In 1959 Charles Day Gaulle declared that Algerians were independent, despite terrorist attacks by French Algerians opposed to Algeria's independence an agreement was signed in 1962 and Algeria was declared free!