United States vs Soviet Union
The Space Race through the 50's
The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 1, the first ever satellite into outer space. On November 3 of the same year, the Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2 with a dog in it named Laika. Explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt. October 1, 1958, NASA is formed and replaces NACA.