Ancient Egypt

By: Taylor Wieberg

The Physical Geography of Egypt

Egypt was called " the gift of the Nile". The Nile River is the longest river in the world, it is a distance of 4000 miles. The Nile River begins in central Africa and ends at the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile provided water and soil for farming, that is also one of the reasons why the Nile was so important. Another reason why The Nile was so important because if the Egyptians wouldn't have had The Nile River they wouldn't be able to farm.The Nile River contains cataracts so it would keep invaders from attacking. Also the Nile River was so long it would be nearly impossible for the invaders to cross the river and attack. Some physical features of Egypt include deserts, rivers and deltas, and seas

Social Hierarchy of Egypt

Social hierarchy is a rank by class and importance. At the top of the social hierarchy is pharaohs. Pharaohs are the ones who ruled Egypt. The second on the social hierarchy is nobles. Nobles are people from rich and powerful families. The third on the social hierarchy is scribes and craftspeople. Scribes are people who learned to read and write and craftsmen are people who built many things. On the bottom of the social hierarchy is farmers, servants, and slaves. Farmers are people who do work, servants are people who do work for other people , and slaves also are people who do work for other people. The Egyptians believed that a well organized society would keep their kingdom strong.

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone is a stone with writing on it in two different languages Egyptian and Greek, using three scripts hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek. The Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 and it was carved in 196 BC. The Rosetta Stone was found in a small village in the Delta called Rosetta by French soldiers who were rebuilding a fort in Egypt. The Rosetta Stone is so important because it lists all the things that the pharaohs have done that are good for the people of Egypt.

Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Khufu- He was famous for building the great Pyramid at Giza

Menes-He joined Lower and Upper Egypt in a single monarchy

Ramses II-He built series of forts for Egypt

Thutmose III- He was a skilled warrior who brought the Egyptian empire to its power by conquering Syria

Djoser- He took construction of the earliest stone building in Egypt

Sneferu- He built 3 pyramids, including the Red Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and a step pyramid that later converted into a true pyramid.

Religon

The Egyptians believed that the after life was a happy place. The Egyptians had a way to preserve body's called mummification. Mummification is the process preserve body's so their ka could be released. The first step in mummification was to prepare the body's. Next they took out everything in the body. Then they dry out the body and the organs. Then they put the organs in jars and wrap the body in cloth. Finally they put the mummy in a tomb and buried them. Only the god of Anubis could do the first steps in preparing a mummy. The people who made mummies were called embalmers. The Egyptians practiced polytheism. They built temples to the gods. The temples collected payments from worshippers and government. The Egyptians built large monuments called pyramids.

How Ancient Mesopotamia was similar and different from Ancient Egypt

Egypt was similar to Mesopotamia because they both where really involved with religion. They both also accomplished many things. The Egyptians made the pyramids and the Mesopotamians created the first system of writing. They are also similar because their social hierarchy was similar. Another reason they are similar because they had many gods. They are different because the Egyptians built pyramids and the Mesopotamians didn't. They are also different because the Egyptians didn't created as many things as the Mesopotamians did. Another reason they are different is the Egyptians had pharaohs and Mesopotamia didn't . Another reason they are similar is they both had rivers that were very important.