What is it?
Dengue is a tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Its also known as the breakbone fever. Its symptoms are fever, headache, muscle, vomiting, and joint pains, skin rashes, may cause bleeding low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage. It may also cause dengue shock syndrome which may result in dangeroulsy low blood preassure.
Types of Dengue
Five different types: the first one gives a flu like symptoms with a mild, fever, rash and headache. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever or Dengue Shock Syndrome is the more severe. This may give small purplish spots where blood is leaking and internal bleeding as well. There is a fifth and new type of dengue as in the words of Ian McKay "This fifth serotype belongs to the “sylvatic” cycle, meaning that it circulates primarily in non-human primates. Other serotypes of dengue have human cycles, meaning that they transmitted between humans. Humans can be infected with sylvatic dengue viruses, but there have been no sustained epidemics."
How to prevent dengue?
There is no commercial vaccine for preventing dengue. Even though, there are several things you can do to make it less probable you will contract it.
- Clean empty flower pots.
- Turn over empty pails and buckets so they do not collect excess of water.
- Use mosquito repellants regularly.
- Make sure your windows and doors do not have any holes.
- If you use a cooler, empty out and clean the water tray regularly.
- Always cover your trash can when its not in use.
- Using camphor as a repellant also works wonders. Light camphor in a room and close all the doors and windows. Leave it this way for about fifteen to twenty minutes to have a mosquito free environment.