Burning Until Burnt

Learning About Burns

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Types of Burns First Second and Third Degree Burns Video flv YouTube xvid

You Playing With Fire

Burns are one of the most common household injuries, especially among children. The term “burn” means more than the burning sensation associated with this injury. Burns are characterized by severe skin damage that causes the affected skin cells to die.


Different Types Of Burns

There are three primary types of burns: first-, second-, and third-degree. Each degree is based on the severity of damage to the skin, with first-degree being the most minor and third-degree being the most severe. Damage includes:

  • first-degree burns: red, nonblistered skin
  • second-degree burns: blisters and some thickening of the skin
  • third-degree burns: widespread thickness with a white, leathery appearance

There are also fourth-degree burns. This type of burn includes all of the symptoms of a third-degree burn and also extends beyond the skin into tendons and bones.

Prevention & Healing


  • Keep children out of the kitchen while cooking.
  • Turn pot handles toward the back of the stove.
  • Place a fire extinguisher in or near the kitchen.
  • Test smoke detectors once a month.
  • Replace smoke detectors every 10 years.

Healing Tips
  • Cool Burn. Immerse in cool water for 10 or 15 minutes.
  • Protect Burn. Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage and secure in place with gauze or tape.
  • Prevent Shock. Unless the person has a head, neck, or leg injury, or it would cause discomfort
  • See a Doctor.