The "Greats" of the Dark Ages
(and not so greats)
Joan of Arc
Jeanne d'Arc a.k.a the Maid of Orleans. She was born in 1412 in Domremy, France to a peasant family. She was a very couragous woman and was strong in her beliefs.
At age 15 she led the French to victory at the Battle of Orleans and then at age 18 she led them to victory over the English in the Hundred Years War. She was captured by her English enemies and was burned at a stake. Her last two words were "Jesus, Jesus" as she was burned alive. One of her crimes was wearing pants.
She changed French history when she went to Vaucouleurs, after recieving visions from god and saints, to help with the war. She was made a saint by the Roman Catholic Church in 1902 for her actions. Her most significant accomplishment was leading the French to victory in the Hundred Years War.
William The Conqueror
Wiliam I, a.k.a William the Bastard, was called William the Bastard because his mother and father where not married. He was born in 1027 in Normandy. He was a good warrior king because he conquered England and conquered even more land after he became king of England.
He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Hastings where he defeated his enemy Harold with his Norman knights. He conquered the English people and the Anglo-Saxons. "I came, I conquered, and conquered more." He was also of viking desent. His great-great-great grandfather, Rollo, was involved in a raid on Normandy.
He created England's feudal system which gave the king absolute power. He was the most responsible for England's super power in the dark ages. His most important accomplishment was all the new land he conquered to greatly increase England in size.
King John was born 1166 in Beaumont Palace in Oxford, England. His was given the nickname lackland because, unlike his older brothers, he was given no land rights in continental provinces. He was a stubborn man and was even known as Bad King John in some stories.
He was at war with France for most of his reign as king of England. His taxes and policies lead to the Baron War where his barons revolted against him. He said "It is great wisdom to know when to be silent..." I like this quote because it gets annoying when people keep talking forever. He was the king during the tales of Robin Hood.
King John signed the Magna Carta, he didn't want to but if he didn't he would have been killed. For the first time the king had to follow his own laws. This was his most significant influence because it was the first written constitution.