The Oil Industry in Texas
How Did Oil Spark an Economic Makeover Across Texas?
Students will analyze the impact of the oil and gas industry on local and national markets.
Social Studies TEKS:
(7.13 C) analyze the impact of significant industries in Texas such as oil and gas, aerospace, medical, and computer technologies on local, national, and international markets.
(7.21 A) differentiate between, locate, and use primary and secondary sources such as computer software, databases, media and news services, biographies, interviews, and artifacts to acquire information about Texas.
(7.21B) analyze information by sequencing, categorizing, identifying cause-and-effect relationships, comparing, contrasting, finding the main idea, summarizing, making generalizations and predictions, and drawing inferences and conclusions.
(7.21C) organize and interpret information from outlines, reports, databases, and visuals including graphs, charts, timelines, and maps.
(7.21D) identify points of view from the historical context surrounding an event and the frame of reference that influenced the participants.
(7.21E) support a point of view on a social studies issue or event.
(7.22A) use social studies terminology correctly;
(7.22B) use standard grammar, spelling, sentence structure, punctuation, and proper citation of sources;
(7.22C) transfer information from one medium to another, including written to visual and statistical to written or visual, using computer software as appropriate;
(7.22D) create written, oral and visual presentations of social studies information.
“The tiny peanut-farming hamlet of Desdemona in Eastland County was transformed when oil was struck in 1918. Tents and shacks sprang up all around the town to house speculators and workers who flocked to the area, and the population grew from 340 to 16,000 almost overnight. The vast quantities of oil often overflowed their tanks, polluting streams and creeks and fouling the air. With Desdemona's new-found wealth came epidemics of typhoid and influenza, as well as gambling, prostitution, the Ku Klux Klan, and violent crime. In April 1920 the Texas Rangers had to be sent into Desdemona to keep order in the town. By 1922 the boom was over and the hordes of oil workers moved on.”
How did oil contribute to the scene in the photograph above?
Resources you can use
Texas Heritage Online:
· “The Oil Wars”: http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/railroad/oil/page2.html
· Prints and Photographs Collection, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. 1966/160-1. http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/railroad/oil/desdemona.html
· Prints and Photographs Collection, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. 1968/89-1524. http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/railroad/power/magnolia.html
· W.D. Hornaday Collection, Prints and Photographs Collection, Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. 1975/70-3616. http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/railroad/oil/derricks-horses.html
· “3.2 Economic Geography.” Texas Politics. Accessed: 25 November 2010. http://texaspolitics.laits.utexas.edu/9_3_2.html
Photo gallery of oil fields
Short video over the discovery of oil at Spindletop.
Students can work individually or with partners to create a concept map that organizes the information they learned about Texas. Here are some suggested topics that could be included: (you will share your map link on the Google form.)
Students may choose one of the following projects to complete:
Choose one of the economic activities that grew as a direct or an indirect result of the growth of the oil industry in Texas. Then design and create a collage of pictures that represent that industry in Texas in the early 1900s. Be sure to annotate each picture with sentences that describe how the growth of your chosen industry contributed to local, national, and/or international markets.
Choose one of the economic activities that grew as a direct or an indirect result of the growth of the oil industry in Texas. Write a blog about 3 important events that demonstrate how the industry grew over time. Be sure to include pictures and complete sentences to describe how the industry grew and how that growth impacted local, national, and/or international markets.
Use this link to help you create your bibliography: http://www.easybib.com/
Lesson created by:
Ravae Villafranca Shaeffer and Education Service Center, Region 20.