A shaking of the ground caused by movement in earths crust.
What is an Earthquake?
How is this a hazard?
Regions most at risk
2. Nepal - A civilian in Nepal is more likely to be killed by an earthquake than anywhere else.
3. India - The Indian tectonic plate moves at a rate of 47 mm a year.
4. Ecuador - This country has many active volcanoes.
5. Philippines - Lies on the edge of the Pacific Plate, an active zone for earthquakes.
6. Pakistan - Sits on top of the Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates.
7. El Salvador - Has suffered extreme damage in the past due to earthquakes.
8. Mexico - Placed in one of the most apt places for an earthquake, the Cocos Plate.
9. Turkey - Falls into the tectonic plates between Eurasian, Arabian and African.
10. Indonesia - Vulnerable to not only earthquakes but many other natural disasters.
(Ring of fire - an area on the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanoes occur.)
United States Regions at Risk
How is it measured?
Anchorage, Alaska: March 27, 1964 - This was a magnitude 7.5 earthquake. The Pacific Plate slipped under the ocean floor causing large waves to go many feet up and down. A tsunami was caused because of this earthquake. Traveled all over the Pacific Ocean and killed people even on the beach in California.
How to prepare and protect yourself
Protection: Stay where you are if you are inside until the shaking stops, drop to your hands and knees. Stay away from dangerous objects. Hold onto anything sturdy that you can. If you are in bed, stay there and cover your head and neck with a pillow. If in a car, stop your car somewhere where things will not fall onto you and brace yourself.