☼Phoenician Phacts☼

Nell, Nicole, Hadley, Sidonia, and Raul

Big image

The Phoenicians

The Phoenicians were a amazing civivlization

Nicole Bell, Historian ღ

The Phoenicians were one of the most evolved of the civilizations. They were amazing and very organizied. They were found in what is now known as lebanon. Their start was beautiful with many different aspects that made them a great civilization. The laungauge the Phoenicians used sounded like a mix between Babylonian and Hebrew. They were first called the Cannanites because they lived in a rea called Cannan. The Phoenicians learned how to write and developed a thirty letter alphabet. Phoenicians came from the greek word Phinos. They had many special skills. They were skilled crafters making weapons, glassware, jewlrew, and cloths. The Phoenicians were influenced by the Cannatte Gods, for example- Dagon. Also the Egyptions inspired them. With all these different ideas they grew into a new civilization. The Phoenicians were extremely efficiant and began to surpass other civilizations, they had better Maritrade which meant they were becoming whealthier. They were begining to establish more colonies, they were more and more independent. One thing that changed the course of the civivlization was how they demestocated food and animals. They demestocated wheat, sheep, and goats. Being known as some of the best seafarers helped them accomplish a number of things. Jbeil what used to be known as Byblos used to be a very inportant city and seaprot of the Phoenicians. But in all good things something bad is bound to happen. The Assryian empire began to dominate the Phoenicians. They made them pay tribute to them. The Phoenicians became less independent.

Nell Broadwell, Anthropologist ⋆

The Phoenician civilization worshiped quite a few gods. They worshiped one of the Mesopotamian gods, Hadad (The god of storms) and also worshiped the Egyptian god Re (The sun god) plus the goddess Hathor. They also worshiped The gods the Phoenicians worshiped were Yarikh (the moon god), Yamm (who was thought to be the god of the sea), Tanit (goddess of Carthage), Shapash (the sun goddess), Shalim (the god of dusk), Shahar (the god of dawn), Resheph and Shamash (unknown), Mot (the god of death), Melgart (the king of the underworld and cycle of vegetation), Kothar and Hasis (gods of craftmanship), Kathirat (the goddess of marriage and pregnancy), Eshmun or Baalat Asclepius (the god of healing), Baal-Hammon (the god of fertility and renewer of all energies), Baal (ruler of the universe), Astarte (the queen of heaven), Anath (the goddess of love and war), and finally Adon (a handsome young god). The Phoenicians practiced the sacrifice of children and animals. The powers and processes of nature inspired the Phoenician religion to a great degree. Religion was one of the most important things to the Phoenicians. The Phoenicians came across a problem about 3000 years ago. They needed a way to keep their business records since they were excellent sea traders. To solve this problem they they created a symbol or letter for each of the sounds of the consonants in their language. In total, there was 22 symbols or letters. The words began with a consonant and ended with a vowel. Also, the language the Phoenicians spoke was similar to Hebrew and Moabite. The Phoenicians were a very advanced civilization. As mentioned before, they had their own method of communicating by creating symbols/letters. They were phenomenal seafarers, and were in fact, the best sailors of the pre-classical world. This was the other thing that was very important to them. They were the first people to create a large colonial network based on seafaring. Glass-making, jewellery manufacture, ivory carving, and metalworking were some things the Phoenicians were very skilled at. Other exports were Cedar and pine wood from Lebanon; linen from Tyre, Byblos, and Berytos; embroideries from Sidon; dried fish; wine; metalwork and glass; and salt. In return for all those goods, the Phoenicians got raw materials like ivory, ebony, papyrus, amber, silk, spices, ostrich eggs, horses, silver, gold, incense, copper, tin, iron, precious stones, and jewels. The Phoenicians developed methods to make bread, olive oil, wine beer, and cheese.

Big image

The Phoenician Alphabet

The Phoenician alphabet consisted of 22 letters. Do they remind you of the English alphabet?

Hadley Connell, Geographer ♬

The Phoenicians lived on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea mostly where the country of Lebanon is now. The bordering countries now are Syria (to the east and north) and Israel (to the south). The Mediterranean Sea is to the west. Living near the sea helped lead the Phoenicians to success because since they lived there they were amazing seafarers. There was a village in the Phoenician civilization called Carthage, which is now on the north coast of Tunisia. There was a man in Carthage named Hanno (who is now recognized as one of the greatest ancient explorers) set out on an amazing journey to make new settlements on the western coast of Africa, prepared with 60 ships, each one with 50 oars and 30,000 men and women. As the journey progressed he left people at certain logical stops to make new colonizations for the Phoenicians and successfully led to the expansion of their territory. Some resources that the Phoenicians had were ivory, wood, limestone and sand. The Phoenicians used all of those things! Phoenicians were renowned artists, making carvings out of ivory and wood, at one point they made a magnificent sarcophagus out of limestone for a king, and invented glass (by baking the sand at high temperatures) and the art of glassblowing with the materials. The city of Sidon was the center of glassblowing industry. They also made vibrantly colored dyes with a certain liquid from the snails that live inside mollusks. The Phoenicians were geographically lucky, because they had many resources and they lived by the sea, giving them an advantage for enlarging territory in a more efficient way.
Big image

The Commercial Network Of The Phoenicians

Above is a map of the Phoenician commercial network.

Sidonia Gibilisco, Archaelogist Ω

The Phoenicians were the greatest traders, sailors, and navigators from 1500 BC- 300 AD. Their main sources of trade were silver, gold, salt, ivory, cloth, oil, dye, grain, and cedar wood. The dye was especially valuable, it came from a rock snail (a Murex) the snails produced a reddish-purple dye called Royal Purple. The reason it was so valuable was, instead of other dyes of that time period was because the dye didn't fade easily, it actually became brighter with weathering and sunlight. Only the rich could afford the clothes with the dye was on. Thus, the Phoenicians got great prophet of the snails. Also valuable was cedar wood, which was considered top of the line wood, used for building ships and homes. The most important objects and invention to the Phoenicians were boats, being seafairing people they relied on their boats for trading with other countries like Greece. The Phoenicians actually made something that valued us people here in the future, they created glass. They used sand, limestone, and carbonite, by heating this mixture to the right tempereature (2,500degrees fahrenheit) and glass was made! So the impact that the Phoenicians made on us was pretty major, we would not have windows without them.