Nell, Nicole, Hadley, Sidonia, and Raul
Nicole Bell, Historian ღ
Nell Broadwell, Anthropologist ⋆
The Phoenician civilization worshiped quite a few gods. They worshiped one of the Mesopotamian gods, Hadad (The god of storms) and also worshiped the Egyptian god Re (The sun god) plus the goddess Hathor. They also worshiped The gods the Phoenicians worshiped were Yarikh (the moon god), Yamm (who was thought to be the god of the sea), Tanit (goddess of Carthage), Shapash (the sun goddess), Shalim (the god of dusk), Shahar (the god of dawn), Resheph and Shamash (unknown), Mot (the god of death), Melgart (the king of the underworld and cycle of vegetation), Kothar and Hasis (gods of craftmanship), Kathirat (the goddess of marriage and pregnancy), Eshmun or Baalat Asclepius (the god of healing), Baal-Hammon (the god of fertility and renewer of all energies), Baal (ruler of the universe), Astarte (the queen of heaven), Anath (the goddess of love and war), and finally Adon (a handsome young god). The Phoenicians practiced the sacrifice of children and animals. The powers and processes of nature inspired the Phoenician religion to a great degree. Religion was one of the most important things to the Phoenicians. The Phoenicians came across a problem about 3000 years ago. They needed a way to keep their business records since they were excellent sea traders. To solve this problem they they created a symbol or letter for each of the sounds of the consonants in their language. In total, there was 22 symbols or letters. The words began with a consonant and ended with a vowel. Also, the language the Phoenicians spoke was similar to Hebrew and Moabite. The Phoenicians were a very advanced civilization. As mentioned before, they had their own method of communicating by creating symbols/letters. They were phenomenal seafarers, and were in fact, the best sailors of the pre-classical world. This was the other thing that was very important to them. They were the first people to create a large colonial network based on seafaring. Glass-making, jewellery manufacture, ivory carving, and metalworking were some things the Phoenicians were very skilled at. Other exports were Cedar and pine wood from Lebanon; linen from Tyre, Byblos, and Berytos; embroideries from Sidon; dried fish; wine; metalwork and glass; and salt. In return for all those goods, the Phoenicians got raw materials like ivory, ebony, papyrus, amber, silk, spices, ostrich eggs, horses, silver, gold, incense, copper, tin, iron, precious stones, and jewels. The Phoenicians developed methods to make bread, olive oil, wine beer, and cheese.
The Phoenician Alphabet
Hadley Connell, Geographer ♬
The Commercial Network Of The Phoenicians
Sidonia Gibilisco, Archaelogist Ω
The Phoenicians were the greatest traders, sailors, and navigators from 1500 BC- 300 AD. Their main sources of trade were silver, gold, salt, ivory, cloth, oil, dye, grain, and cedar wood. The dye was especially valuable, it came from a rock snail (a Murex) the snails produced a reddish-purple dye called Royal Purple. The reason it was so valuable was, instead of other dyes of that time period was because the dye didn't fade easily, it actually became brighter with weathering and sunlight. Only the rich could afford the clothes with the dye was on. Thus, the Phoenicians got great prophet of the snails. Also valuable was cedar wood, which was considered top of the line wood, used for building ships and homes. The most important objects and invention to the Phoenicians were boats, being seafairing people they relied on their boats for trading with other countries like Greece. The Phoenicians actually made something that valued us people here in the future, they created glass. They used sand, limestone, and carbonite, by heating this mixture to the right tempereature (2,500degrees fahrenheit) and glass was made! So the impact that the Phoenicians made on us was pretty major, we would not have windows without them.