James Monroe


Vice President

Daniel Tompkins



Election Opponents

Rufus King, John Quincy Adams

America At This Time...

Ear of Good Feelings- Meaning a one party government

Panic of 1819- Four year economic decline

Slavery is becoming a contentious issue, North banned slavery while Southern supported it

Key People of the Presidency

John C. Calhoun- Secretary of war

John Quincy Adams- Secretary of state, helped asset with the Monroe Doctrine

James Tallmadge- Republican congressman from New York, moved that the introduction of further slaves be prohibited and that children of those already in Missouri be freed at age twenty-five

Henry Clay- Engineered Second Missouri compromise

Jesse Thomas- Drafted Missouri Compromise


"It is only when the people became ignorant and corrupt, when they degenerate into a populace, that they are incapable of exercising their sovereignty."

"Our country may be likened to a new house. We lack many things, but we possess the most precious of all - liberty!"

Economic Policies

The bank of U.S contributed to the Panic of 1819 (The first peacetime depression) when it printed too much money.There was large scale unemployment in urban areas, farm prices depressed, and new industries were failing. The bank began asking for payments from those who it had loaned money out to. The people began to distrust the bank.

Monroe approved John Marshall's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland which made sure the bank was constitutional. This decision led to a reasserting broad interapation of government powers.

In 1820, Monroe suggested that people who bought land when prices were high be granted a "reasonable indulgence." After this the Crawford Bill was passed which permitted debaters that were unable to pay balances, a secure title for that portion for which they had already paid. These people also got discounts if they payed their payments on time.

On March 1821 congress approved a bill that reduced the army's complement of 10 thousand men to 6 thousand.This saved the government a estimated 2 million.

Foreign Policies

Monroe Doctrine ( Also called America's Diplomatic Declaration of Independence) - Said that first the United States would oppose any further efforts at coloration by European powers in the Americans at colonization by European powers in the Americas. Second it said, the United States would a stain from involvement in the wars with Europe. Finally, it said Monroe wanted European powers not to interfere with the newly independent states of Latin America.

Domestic Policies

Tallmadge proposed an idea of prohibiting slavery and that children of those already in Missouri would be freed, sparked a two year controversy which Republican unity shattered along sectional lines

Missouri Compromise- Resolved struggle pairing Missouri as a slave state with Maine to maintain sectional balance between free and slave states. It also prohibited slavery in all remaining territory within the north of the Louisiana Purchase

Missouri Controversy proved to be a fatal issue, were westward expansion slavery and sectional division arose

Sectionalism began to rule domestic policies