Harriet Tubman

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Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman was born in Dorchester County, Maryland in 1820. She was

born as Aramintha Rose and was the fifth child of nine children.

The Rose family lived a relatively stable life as slaves working in an orchard that belonged to Mr Anthony Thompson.

When Harriet reached the age of six, she was separated from her mother and was sent to work at the home of another planter named James Cook. Her master sent her to guard the traps he put in the swamp. Walking in the water caused her to get sick seriously and once she was even sent to work with measles.

After this incident, her mother persuaded Cook to bring her home, but most of her other masters treated her in a very cruel way and she had whip scars on her back till the end of her life. Once, while working in the fields, she was almost killed when one overseer threw at her a two-pound weight. Harriet's head was hit and her skull was fractured. As a result she suffered from headaches, epilepsy and sleep attacks for years.

On September 17'th 1849, Harriet and her two brothers (Ben and Henry) escaped to freedom. Ben and Henry, subdued by fear, returned after two or three weeks, but Harriet was determined to be free. On the way to freedom, Harriet received help from the Abolish Slavery Society who helped her reach Canada where she could be really free.

When Harriet came to Canada, she began traveling to Maryland to help other slaves escape. Thanks to these campaigns, Harriet won the nickname 'Moses' by those she helped on their way to freedom. According to assessments, Harriet personally guided seventy slaves to freedom in thirteen trips, and gave advices and instructions to other slaves who found their way to freedom independently.

Harriet Tubman was known mainly for her determination. She always carried a gun and was not afraid to threaten the slaves who were tired. Expeditions were carefully planned, she and the other fugitives walked at night and hid in the day. She was not seen, and never lost even one slave.

During the Civil War in the United States Harriet Tubman worked as a spy and a nurse for the Union Army. She was the first American woman to plan and lead a military operation, the "Ferry Kombhi raid" in June 1863. The raid freed 750 slaves.

After the war, Harriet was active for the rights of black women in the United States. And for many years, she raised funds to build the a houדe for sick and elderly Afro Americans. The house was built in 1896 on a land she bought near her home at Oberon

On March 10th, 1913 Harriet Tubman died at the age of 93.

She was buried with full military ceremony.