Simple Carbohydrates

What is it and how does it function in the body?

The role of simple carbohydrates is to make energy. The digestive system changes carbohydrates into glucose, also known as blood sugar. Some glucose is used for energy and the rest is stored in the liver and muscles for later use.

The Major Sources

  • fructose
  • sucrose
  • maltose
  • glucose

What happens if you don't get enough or too much?

If you dont get enough- you can get fatigue, ketosis (use fat for energy instead of nutrients) it can cause headaches, difficulty focusing, and bad breath,and constipation.

If you get too much - weight gain, tooth decay, and sugar crash

Interesting facts

  • Your body can convert proteins into carbohydrates
  • you get fat because of carbs
  • carbs can either have a high or low Glycemic index
  • Fruit juice is a form of carbohydrate
  • humans can servive without having any carbohydrates at all

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Simple chemical structure

In fruit and milk

Monosaccharide

Provides quick energy

Living things use carbohydrates

Enzymes


Contain one or two sugars

Absorbed quickly

Refined sugars

Bacteria use glucose too

Only source of energy for brain and nervous system

Honey

You need carbohydrates

Digested quickly

Regaurding your health

Absorbed directly

Table sugar

Energy

Simple carbs are used in kitchens and bakery

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