Native Americans

Anasazi, Adena, Hopewell, Mississippians

Anasazi

Used dams, ditches, and canals to channel rain water from the tops of mesa to gardens on the canyon floor.

Their houses were made of adobe and stone, were multi-storied, apartment like buildings.

They lived against walls of cliffs or large plazas.

Adena

Lived in Ohio valley region around 700 BC.

Grew various crops such as squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley.

Produced copper jewelry and fine pottery.

Burial mounds made of log structures covered by piles of Earth.

Hopewell

They arrived in the Ohio Valley around 300 BC.

They built mounds that were around 40 feet high.

Along with Adena, they are also referred to as the "Mound Builders"

Certain artifacts found suggest that Hopewell TRADED.

Mississippians

Arrived in Mississippi valley in 800 AD.

Had plants that they used for food and when added maize and beans had an increase of population.

They needed more room for all of the new people so they needed more land.

An increase in land caused numerous cities with up to 10,000 people.

One of the biggest was Cahokia, near present day St. Louis.

A large mound was found in the middle of Cahokia that's bigger than the pyramids in Egypt surrounded by smaller mounds.