By Laura & Maya
They only come ashore to breed and the rest of the time is spent at sea.
When they are on land the seals are usually found lying on sandy beaches or small rocks.
While males typically look for food in Antarctica the females travel further afield and can be found as far north as the equator.
Diet and Feeding
Elephant seals migrate south to Antarctica, after breeding or sheding, to feed on squid and fish at the edge of the sea-ice.
They travel long distances to their hunting areas. Females hunt in more open areas, such as off the Antarctic shelf within the pack ice, or near the Antarctic Polar Front Zone. Hunting areas can be several thousand kilometres away from their breeding islands.
Elephants seals breed in a groups called harems.
They breed on the ice in spring, from late September to early November. Females give birth to a single pup which is fed 3–4 weeks after birth. During this time the female spends the entire time on the ice with the pup.
During the breeding season the female mates with the male. The male plays no part in bringing up the pup, and the group disbands once the pup is fed.
*The species was hunted almost extinction in the 19th and 20th centuries and, on South Georgia their blubber was rendered into oil as late as 1964.
*Males are fully grown by their eighth year.
*A pup leaves the beach about 3-8 weeks later to begin the process of learning to find food.
Size of an Elephant seal
As you can see an Elephant Seal is bigger than a fully grown human. The Elephant seal is up to 20 feet (6 metres) tall.
Bones of an Elephant seal
This is a picture of an Elephant seal's skeleton.
Baby elephant seal under water
As you can see elephant seals can go under the water aswell as going on land!