Middle Age King, Hero, and Heroine

William Conqueror, King John, and Joan of Arc

William the Conqueror

Biographical Information

Name/Nickname: William I /William the Conqueror. Location: c.1027 in Falaise, France – September 9, 1087 in Rouen, France. Personality:Intelligent, determined, and organized.
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Memorable Moments

Significant Conflicts or Battles: William the Conqueror had many battles, but his most significant battle was at the Battle of Hastings. During the battle of Hastings, he defeated his enemy Harold, the son of Godwin. Other Events: After the battle of Hastings on Christmas Day of 1066, William became king, founding the Anglo-Norman monarchy and realm. Also, he shaped England’s feudal system, so that the nobles had supreme power instead of the king. Another thing he has done was he created a survey in England to help the king in an accurate central tax system. These records are called the Doomsday book. Quote:"He was great in body and strong, tall in stature but not ungainly." -The monk of Caen Portrait. Interesting or unusal facts: The unusal thing about William is that he allowed the Anglo- Saxons to keep the majority of their stautes and courts. A second interesting fact is that he survived a rebellion when he was 19 years old, then King Henry I of France asked him to help in a 1051 campaign.

Importance

Important Decisions: I think a very important decision William made was he began to put down rebels, who questioned his right to rule. He finally accomplished this decision in 1060, when he defeated the army that King Henry I of France and Count Geoffrey Martel of Anjou sent against him. Why should We Care: We should care about William the Conqueror because he has accomplished a lot in his lifetime. First, he conquered the county of Maine in 1063. Another thing he has done was create the Doomsday book, also he helped shaped England’s feudal system. Significant Accomplishment or Influence:  I think that his most signifant accomplishments were that he established authority, maintained control, and continental threats.

King John

Biographical Information

Name: King John. Location: : He was born on December 24, 1167 in Oxford, United Kingdom. He died on October 19, 1216 in Newark, United Kingdom. Personality: Selfish, dangerous, and accepting.
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Memorable Moments

Significant Conflicts or Battles: In 1215, a group of powerful nobles joined together against John because he had made them very mad. He collected taxes from nobles without their consent and took their property without paying for it. Quote: "How dare they go against me, now I have to accept the Magna Carta". - King John. Interesting or Unusual Facts: John married Isabella of Angoulême, who was who was betrothed to Hugh of Lusignan. Another interesting fact is that King John is the eighth child of Eleanor of Aquitaine. An unusal fact about King John is that he killed his Nephew, Arthur.

Importance

Important Decisions:He made an important decision by not collecting taxes from nobles or taking their property without paying for it. The reason I think that is such a great decision is because that way the nobles will not go against him or kill him. Another important decision he made was he finally signed the Magna Carta, which means that the English king has to obey laws just like his subjects. Why should we care: We should care about King John because he was the one who signed the Magna Carta, thus making the kings following the laws like the common people. Significant Accomplisment or Influence: The significant accomplishment that King John has done was accepting the Magna Carta, which made his people happy.


Joan of Arc

Biographical Information

Name/Nickname: Joan of Arc/ Maid of Orleans. Location:She was born in c. 1412 in Domremy, France. She died on May 30, 1431 in Rouen, France. Personality: Strong, a Leader, and Fearless.


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Memorable Moments

Significant Conflicts or Battles: At age 15, she lead french soldiers to victory over the English at the Battle of Orleans. Another conflict she had was with Charles and the other leaders of the French army didn't have full faith into Joan, so they left her out of strategy meetings. Other Events: In September 1429, she failed to conqueror Paris, and she ended up wounding her leg. After two months, she failed again to conqueror another town. She was then captured in 1430, by John of Luxembourg. Quote:“Jesus! Jesus” – Joan of Arc when she was burning to death. Interesting or unusual fact: First, she was accused of wearing pants, which was one of her crimes. Also, she truly believed that God spoke to her through certain visions. An interesting fact about her is that during the 100 years, she helped Charles VII become king of France.

Importance

Important Decisions: At such a young age, she decided to lead french soldiers at the Battle of Orleans, which lead them to victory. Also, another important decision is that she took the risk of going to the authorities, where she reported her visions to Sir Robert de Baudricourt in the nearby town of Vaucouleurs. That event got her to accomplish all the wonderful things she has done for France. Why should we care: We should care about Joan of Arc because she helped win victory over the English. Most Significant Accomplishment: Her most significant accomplishment is when she helped lead the French into battles, that helped them win the war.
Measly Middle Ages - Domesday Book & death of William the Conqueror

Reference

William the Conqueror : Science and Its Times, February 1, 2001,http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK2643410675

King John: New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2003

http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3407705911

Joan of Arc :Encyclopedia of World Biography, December 12, 1998

http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK1631003373

Historic World Leaders, 1994

http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK1616000311