The Indus Valley


The Indus Valley was around during 2500 B.C and 1700 B.C.The Indus Valley was very successful with agriculture because they were geographically lucky in being located near a river. They were were located in the continent of Asia in teh Indus Valley river, and that is where they stayed until 2500 B.C when they ended. Though while they were around they had many advances and prospered.

History of the Indus Valley By: Jasio Gradziuk: historian

The earilest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent existed in the Indus valley from about 2500 BC to about 1700 BC. Its main centers most of which are now in Pakistian. Pakistian is were Mohenjo-Daro Harappa,Kailbanga and Lothal. There was a lot of exteremely important groups that lead to this civilization.

Archaeology of the Indus Valley By: Grenon Miller: Archaeologist

In the Indus Valley the kids had special objects which where toys like wooden pigs, and ox's. They also had whistling devices, dice, and a baby rattle. They had left a legacy which was knowledge and retell of old stories. They would take a device and improve it for future generations. The legacy was really hard to find because the Indus Valley had not left behind any buildings and if they did it would vanish. The way that the Indus Valley impacted are life today is that they had invented the wheel.

The Indus valley believed in Hinduism. Which today is the worlds 3rd largest religion and the oldest religion. The Hinduism had thousands of different religion groups which were mostly formed in the Indus Valley.

Anthropology of the Indus Valley By:Megan Pfau:Anthropologist

The Indus Valley society was known for it's amazing advances in astronomy and science. They were able to diagnose and cure many illnesses which was a major advantage because they could keep their people healthier and have a larger population. In A.D, one astronomer in the Indus society observed that the shape of our planet was spherical, and found that it rotated around the sun. The Indus people also had a very formal language called Sanskirt. This was also one of their oldest written languages. Though, the less formal civilians from the common place, used less complex languages that were more indigenous to the area.

Although it seems as though when the Indus Valley ended, so did their gods and goddesses, while the Indus people were living, it is believed that they were faithful to one mother goddess. She was thought to have represented fertility, and it also suggested that they had a great respect for animals and worshiped them greatly. One very important part of the Indus culture, was their belief in Hinduism, which is one of the oldest religions in the world. One of the artifacts that represents seven distinct Hindu god characters heads is the Vishnu Head statue(7right and 7 left). Each head is a representative of one of each different god. Some of these gods showed divinity, and some show parts of cosmos. Some of the gods included on the statue are Shiva, Maruta, Ganesh, Kubera, Yama, and Brahma along with his 3 sons.

The Indus Valley's agriculture was great and because they had good resources they were able to grow a winter and a summer crop. The winter crops contained foods like peas, wheat, lentils, linseed, and mustard. In summer they grew millet, sesame, and probably cotton. The average farmer had a bullock to transfer anything he had to the market by cart, and to pull his plow when he was planting seeds. Also, it is believed that a farmer would have kept cows to use for meat, and also milk. A farmer would have also used the cows skin to make leather. Some other live stock that farmers kept were goats, pigs, chickens, sheep, and possibly camels.

Geography of the Indus Valley By:Alejandra Benavides

The Indus valley civilizations sometimes was called the Sindhusarasvati civilization. The Indus River starts in the Himalaya mountains, which are north of India north of India. The Indus River flows southwest through Pakistan and ends near the city of Karachi. The Indus River valley civilization was located near this river Stone age people hunted animals and gathered wild plants to eat.

Rivers were good places to look for food. The first farmers also liked to live near rivers.A river keeps the land green and fertile for growing crops.
Farmers lived together in villages about 5,000 years ago.The Indus people need river water to drink,wash,and to irrigate their fields.They used water in religious ceremonies.They made boats to travel up and down the rivers.To the Indus people,their river was The King River.