By: Thomas Han

How Johnson Became President

  • After Kennedy was murdered on November 22, 1963, Johnson took over the President.
  • He kept most of Kennedy's cabinet and was similar to Kennedy

Election of 1964

  • Democratic candidate - Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Republican candidate - Barry Goldwater
  • Johnson won with 486 electoral votes against Goldwater's 52
  • introduce his Great Society plan, similar to the New Deal
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The Great Society

  • an ambitious social program in the US in the late 1960's intended to further the American promise to the poor and needy that was begun under the New Deal programs.
  • biggest reforms since the New Deal
  • aimed to eliminate racial injustice in America.
  • attempt to achieve domestic reforms
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24th Amendment

  • passed in 1964
  • prohibiting any poll tax in elections for federal officialism's Southern states adopted a poll tax in the late 1800s.
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Tonkin Gulf Resolution and Vietnam War

  • in August 1964 President Johnson reported to the nation that American ships had been attacked by North Vietnam gunboats in the Gulf of Tonkin, in international waters.
  • Johnson used the attack to order a retaliatory air raid against North Vietnamese bases
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution - The Congressional resolution authorizing the deployment of US combat forces to South Vietnam, which occurred following a naval engagement between the US and North Vietnam
  • The Vietnam War was meant to stop the spread of communism
  • Operation Rolling Thunder was an early campaign in which North Vietnam was continually bombed

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

  • Ended segregation in public places
  • Signed by Johnson, originally conceived by Kennedy
  • the Voting Rights Act of 1965 stopped racial discrimination in the voting process passed in 1965.

1968 - A "Watershed" Year

  • in January, the Viet Cong attacked 26 South Vietnamese cities
  • The Tet Offensive intensifies Vietnam War
  • Johnson began to freeze troop levels and then reduced them on March 31, in an effort to pass the responsibility of the war to South Vietnam
  • Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated
  • Robert Kennedy was assassinated
  • After Kennedy's death, Nixon matches up with Humphrey in the 1968 election and closely wins.
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