Bridging The Gap Project

Alianna Lavina, Maxwell Anderson and Sami Shaik

Maxwell Anderson 1850-1890 “The Lady Or The Tiger?”

The lady or the tiger is about a man who has a choice of two doors and which either has a tiger which means instant death, or a beautiful woman that he marries on the spot. the story leaves you with a cliff hanger and doesn't tell you which thing comes out of the door he picks.

Research And Quotes 1-3

There is the theme of love that is the nature of love. The princess falls in love with a young man.

(Quote 1)". . . and she loved him with an ardor that had enough of barbarism in it to make it exceedingly warm and strong".

The theme of determination and free will the semi barbaric king allowed the prisoners who were chosen to choose their fates. No one was allowed to interfere with the the man’s choice of the door.

The theme of civilisation and barbarity in this short story. The king is termed as semi-barbaric.

(Quote 2)“In the very olden time there lived a semi-barbaric king”. Also the princess is said to be barbaric.

(Quote 3)“The girl was lovely, but she had dared to raise her eyes to the loved one of the princess; and, with all the intensity of the savage blood transmitted to her through long lines of wholly barbaric ancestor”

Research about the time period

This time period has had changes. The south during this time left the the union and tried to set a new country called the confederate states of America. Abraham Lincoln elected president in the 1860 elections believed it was unconstitutional for the south to do this a a civil war started. The north won and the south had to stop slavery and had to pay blacks to work and laws against blacks were also put into effect. We gained more land during this time period. The civil war cost us more American lives ever compared to every single war. The first time in American history our president was assassination of one of our presidents ever to occur. This time period has had much change.

People in this time period were changed we were known as a less barbaric time they changed the laws on slaves. When Abraham was killed it changed people's minds about the barbaric time because no president had ever been assassinated before. The story was written as a cliffhanger it's made so people would think farther than the end of the story and not just have an end that is written in stone you get to pick what happened which means you get to “write” your own ending.

Alianna Laione (1890-1910) “The Open Boat”

The open boat is about 4 men who are in a small boat after their ship got wrecked and had sunken. In their journey to find land or any source of help, the story gives you a sense of how they view nature and the world.

1890's - 1900


  • 1890 - first Franco - Dahomean War

  • 1893- Thomas Edison invents motion picture. Although his kinetoscope wasn't linked with sound, it was the start of silent movie films. And he also constructed the worlds first motion picture stage.

  • 1894- Cocacola trademarked in 1893. The company was now able to sell their product in bottles on March 12, 1894.

  • November 8, 1895 - accidentally discovered by Rontgen, a German Scientist, when filming his wife's hand.

  • 1898 - Spanish-American War

  • 1899 - Great Blizzard: affected the South more than the North, and its reports gave it an extremely cold weight and density of air.


  • 1900- work on New York subway starts. first section from City Hall to the Bronx in the year 1900. It was financed by the issue of rapid transit bonds by the City of New York and because no company was willing to take the risk of such a large project.

  • 1900- electric cars

1900- small pox epidemic in Kansas


  • 1901- First Speed Limits, Connecticut passes new laws limiting the speeds of Automobiles to 10 MPH in cities 15 MPH in villages and 20 MPH in rural areas.

  • 1901 - President William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States is assassinated by Leon Czolgosz.

  • 1901 - first nobel prizes in Stockholm

  • 1901 - vacuum cleaner made by Hubert Cecil Booth

  • 1902 - triple AAA started

  • 1903 - First Baseball World Series, The first modern World Series to be played in Major League Baseball matched the Boston American League club (Boston Red Sox) against the Pittsburgh Pirates in a best-of-nine series, with Boston prevailing five games to three, winning the last four.

  • 1903 - Ford Motor Company, Henry Ford (A Machinist and Engineer) forms the Ford Motor Company to manufacture Automobiles.

  • 1903- First Crayola Crayons, Edward Binney and C. Harold Smith introduce the world to Crayola Crayons for school kids. The first boxes consisted of 8 different colors and the boxes were the same trademark color of yellow and green they are today.

  • 1904 - Times Square, Long Acre Square in Manhattan, New York, was renamed Times Square.

  • 1905 - Illiteracy in the US, In 1905, illiteracy in the U.S. was 106.6 per 1,000 persons. Statistics showed that 6,180,063 persons were illiterate in America. The Arizona Republican observed, “Illiteracy is more common in the country than in the city. This is due to the superior schools in the towns and the more general attendance of children."

  • 1906 -

Immigrants from Europe and Asia started coming to America. Why?
  • Wars

  • Famine

  • Government

  • Persecution

  • Over population

  • Religion

Research and quotes

Immigrants took the chance because they wanted a better future for themselves and their family. The promise of a better life was what they saw in America.

Immigrants traveled by boat. The lower class would stay in the steerage deck that was the lowest level on the boat. The steerage deck contained a diverse group of people. European immigrants went to a processing station called, Ellis Island. This would determine if they were allowed to go to America or be forced back to their country. Asian immigrants were stationed at Angel Island. They were treated poorly unlike the other immigrants because of the Chinese Exclusion act, which restricts immigration. There was a growth of urbanization in America because of the factories, and Job offerings.

Sherman Antitrust Act: passed on July 2, 1890. It was the first Federal statute to limit cartels and monopolies to prevent the artificial raising of prices by restriction of trade or supply, and today still forms the basis for most antitrust litigation by the United States federal government.


“The land flourished because it was fed from so many sources--because it was nourished by so many cultures and traditions and peoples.” - Lyndon B

Sami Shaik (1910-1930) A Soldiers Home

"At first Krebs...did not want to talk about the war at all. Later he felt the need to talk but no one wanted to hear about it".

"...the world they were in was not the world he was in".

"You did not need a girl unless you thought about them. He learned that in the Army".

"...the young girls had grown up...they lived in such a complicated world of already defined alliances...that (he) did not feel the energy or the courage to break into it".

"There can be no idle hands in His Kingdom",


We found that many people did not like the war and all respect for war and glory. It was confusing about how he talked about he liked women, but didn't like women and how he was dependent, but wasn't. And then he decided to stay with his mom and his sister showing how depressing his life was after the war.


In late June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia. An escalation of threats and mobilization orders followed the incident, leading by mid-August to the outbreak of World War I, which pitted Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire (the so-called Central Powers) against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy and Japan (the Allied Powers). The Allies were joined after 1917 by the United States. The four years of the Great War–as it was then known–saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction, thanks to grueling trench warfare and the introduction of modern weaponry such as machine guns, tanks and chemical weapons. By the time World War I ended in the defeat of the Central Powers in November 1918, more than 9 million soldiers had been killed and 21 million more wounded.

The Start of World War 1

Though tensions had been brewing in Europe–and especially in the troubled Balkan region–for years before conflict actually broke out, the spark that ignited World War I was struck in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where Archduke Franz Ferdinand, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was shot to death along with his wife by the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie set off a rapid chain of events: Austria-Hungary, like many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Slavic nationalism once and for all. As Russia supported Serbia, Austria-Hungary waited to declare war until its leaders received assurances from German leader Kaiser Wilhelm II that Germany would support their cause in the event of a Russian intervention, which would likely involve Russia’s ally, France, and possibly Great Britain as well.

On July 5, Kaiser Wilhelm secretly pledged his support, giving Austria-Hungary a so-called carte blanche or “blank check” assurance of Germany’s backing in the case of war. The Dual Monarchy then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept. Convinced that Vienna was readying for war, the Serbian government ordered the Serbian army to mobilize, and appealed to Russia for assistance. On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and the tenuous peace between Europe’s great powers collapsed. Within a week, Russia, Belgium, France, Great Britain and Serbia had lined up against Austria-Hungary and Germany, and World War I had begun.

World War in the West (1914-17)

On the Eastern Front of World War I, Russian forces invaded East Prussia and German Poland, but were stopped short by German and Austrian forces at the Battle of Tannenberg in late August 1914. Despite that victory, the Red Army assault had forced Germany to move two corps from the Western Front to the Eastern, contributing to the German loss in the Battle of the Marne. Combined with the fierce Allied resistance in France, the ability of Russia’s huge war machine to mobilize relatively quickly in the east ensured a longer, more grueling conflict instead of the quick victory Germany had hoped to win with the Schlieffen Plan.
Over the next two years, the Russian army mounted several offensives on the Eastern Front but were unable to break through German lines. Defeat on the battlefield fed the growing discontent among the bulk of Russia’s population, especially the poverty-stricken workers and peasants, and its hostility towards the imperial regime. This discontent culminated in the Russian Revolution of 1917, spearheaded by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks. One of Lenin’s first actions as leader was to call a halt to Russian participation in World War I. Russia reached an armistice with the Central Powers in early December 1917, freeing German troops to face the other Allies on the Western Front.

Works Cited

Waren, Phillip A. "" First World John, 8 Mar. 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.

"1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898 and 1899." What Happened from 1890 to 1899 including Events, Technology and Inventions. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015. - World War I / The Great War / 1914-1918." - World War I / The Great War / 1914-1918. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.

"World War 1 Timeline 1914-1919 -" World War 1 Timeline 1914-1919 - N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.