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Explorers have found exotic islands in the Indian Ocean - What does this mean for Europe?

A fleet of Spanish ships has just returned home after a long journey around the globe. These people are the several survivors who returned after exploring South America, finding the Pacific, and discovering new islands in the Indian Ocean. Their captain, Ferdinand Magellan, was hoping to find a passage that led to the Pacific. After accomplishing this mission, instead of turning around, the leader decided to sail home through the Pacific and stop at the East Indies. Here, the fleet discovered the islands of the Philippines next to "The Spice Islands." This new land was nothing like it is in Europe. The hills were green with palm trees and the sand was white. The coastline was filled with reefs which prevented them from getting very close to an island. The troops met with the natives and traded for many spices such as pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and ginger. The land was equipped with many natural resources that could be traded as goods, including spices and silks. This is an important discovery because it allows for the expansion of the trade industry in Europe and "The Spice Islands." In this new region to Europeans, animal species, plants, and native people were found that never had been encountered before. The natives, however, did not treat our explorers well after we tried to convert them to Christianity. They later attacked our people, killing Ferdinand Magellan, and destroying most of the crew. The survivors of this voyage were the first to circumnavigate the world. The discovery of these new islands have opened many doors for Europeans to get involved in trade between the East and the West.

-Victoria Pajak

Puzzle page- Age of Discovery crossword

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-write the answer in the boxes corresponding to the question number-

5. city in the East indies that was taken over by the Portuguese and destroyed the cities Muslims.
11. the first permanent European settlement to supply ships sailing to or from the East Indies.
14. island off the coast of India which served as a major military and commercial base for the Portuguese
15. divided the non-European world into two zones
16. Dutch farmers
22. Chinese ruler who expanded China's borders to rule the largest area in the nations history.
23. described the specific terms of the Line of Demarcation and was signed by Portugal and Spain
24. unified the Asante Kingdom and won control of Kumasi, a trading city. Believed that the right to rule came from heaven.
25. sail around the world
27. county in South East Asia made up thousands of islands.
28. city in East Africa that was a hub of international trade and was attacked by the Portuguese
29. ruler of Kongo who tried to stop transatlantic slave trade
31. established by Muslim rulers throughout much of India
32. present-day Indonesia
33. having full, independent power.
34. Italian navigator from Genoa who wanted to reach the East Indies.
35. Jesuit priest who brought important information to Europeans who knew little about China and made a strong impression on the Chinese
36. led the way in sponsoring exploration for portugal.
1. formed by a group of wealthy, Dutch merchants and had full power.
2. Portuguese leader who conquered much of the countries in the Indian ocean
3. large estates run by an owner or an owner's overseer
4. led five ships around the Cape of Good Hope and into India
6. Region of south east China made up of a peninsula and two islands. Became a trading post for the Portuguese under The Ming's permission.
7. town and hub of international trade, located in West africa
8. sailed to Southern America to reach the Pacific ocean
9. the exclusive control of a business or industry
10. people from Manchuria who conquered the Ming Dynasty and ruled as the Qin dynasty for 300 years
12. A coastal city in southern Japan where one or two Dutch ships a year would trade.
13. A dynasty set up by the Manchus that had two rulers.
17. arose from the successful settlements of the Yoruba people of present-day Nigeria. Used wealth from slave trade to build a strong army
18. distant areas under Portuguese control
19. mapmakers
20. coastal city in South East China, also known as Canton.
21. people who hoped to convert Africans to Christianity
26. brought samples of British-made goods to show the Chinese the advantages of trade with the Westerners.
30. Indian troops

(answer key on the last page)

-Victoria Pajak

International Breaking News

The globe is cut in half?!

The Spanish-born Pope Alexander VI has recently put a line on the map that divides the non-European nations into two zones. This was proclaimed just after the return of Christopher Columbus from the West Indies. Because of their interest in lands of the new world, Spaniards, Ferdinand and Isabella, pleaded with the pope to divide the undiscovered territory. It was to be divided between the Spanish and their neighboring empire, Portugal. The Portuguese didn't want the Spanish to claim all of the new land and wanted some for themselves. As a result, the Line of Demarcation was created to give each nation its own territory for exploration and trade. It lies from pole to pole at about the center of the Atlantic Ocean. Spain got the rights to explore all land West of the line while Portugal got the land East of the Atlantic as well as an area in South America (part of Brazil). Because the line was invisible and there was much confusion about the new land, both empires signed the Treaty of Tordesillas. This described all of the specific terms regarding the Line of Demarcation and ended the disputes that were created after hearing the news about the new land. These rights to explore and trade in newly discovered areas can lead to a lot of wealth and power. New resources can be found in these vast regions which can be used for trade and can gather a lot of money to a nation. This line is vital for Spain and Portugal because it opens the gates for discoveries and ends disputes in both countries.

-Victoria Pajak

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Interview of the week

Hero or Monster?

​In 1492, the well-known explorer, Christopher Columbus and his menset off on a voyage in search of the Indies. Instead, the sailors came across an island in the Caribbean, where they encountered the Taino people. We were on this island for weeks and finally found a native brave enough to tell her story. Manaka, one of the tribe members, and her people were harshly affected by the beginning attempts of colonizing this area. She informed us “These men are enslaving, our people. So many are being tortured and murdered if they show even the slightest resistance. ” She informed us how Columbus is attempting to keep these actions secretive and threatening his men not to tell of their duties. “My husband, Lok, told me that he saw one of Columbus’ men get his tong cut off, for telling his family what they were doing to my people.” Manaka fears that this could be the end for the Tainotribe. Is this famous explorer, Christopher Columbus, a hero or a monster?

- Becky Cardinal

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Business news

Slave trade in full swing!

In the past few years, tens of thousands of African Americans have been enslaved and brought to the Americas to work on rice, tobacco, and sugar plantations. The slave trade has definitely proven to be a profitable business! This is true despite some African rulers wanting to cut off providing slaves, but it won't happen, the trade is too strong. These slaves have helped their masters in several ways. For example, we Europeans have been known to use them for household servants. This has began to encourage more slave trade. Slaves have been known to be exchanged for weapons, rum, tobacco, and textiles. "The slave trade is a good way to provide cheap labor, which can help build our economy (114)." While the slave trade has caused great economical gain for us, it has been unfortunate for the slaves. Their villages from where they originated are beginning to die out due to the lack of women in them. The great thrive of slave trade will most likely continue for quite some time if it continues in the direction it's heading.

-Lauren Jackson

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Technology update

New advancements in technology are here!

It seems as if new discoveries are being made every day! The most recent has been of the compass. Despite the Chinese having used it for quite some time, our navigators have finally gotten their hands on it. They have helped our navigators to explore uncharted waters. This magnetic compass uses an iron needle and is magnetized with a mineral called lodestone. Lodestone aligns with earth's north and south poles. Another big discovery of today is the carvel ship. It is light weight, therefore it is faster than any other ship of this time. This ship can be easily maneuvered along coasts and can go far distances. Although the astrolabe has been known to be used in ancient astronomy, it has been known to be helpful for navigation. As the navigators looked through astrolabe at the sun or a star, and found out the angle using the degrees on the instrument, the angle of the sun or star has helped them determine the ships latitude as well as the local time. Now that navigators have these important instruments, we can finally create an accurate map of the Earth.

-Lauren Jackson

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- Answer key for the 'Age of discovery' crossword puzzle -

1. Dutch East India Company
2. Afonso de Albuquerque
3. plantations
4. Vasco de Gama
5. Malacca
6. Macao
7. Malindi
8 .Ferdinand Magellan
9. monopoly
10. Manchus
11. Cape Town
12. Nagasaki
13. Qing
14. Goa
15. Line of Demarcation
16. Boers
17. Oyo Empire
18. outposts
19. cartographers
20. Guangzhou
21. missionaries
22. Qianlong
23. Treaty of Tordesillas
24. Osei Tutu
25. circumnavigate
26. Lord Macartney
27. Philippines
28. Mombasa
29. Affonso 1
30. sepoys
31. Mughal Empire
32. East Indies
33. sovereign
34. Christopher Columbus
35. Matteo Ricci
36. Prince Henry

- Victoria Pajak

Written, edited, and published by Victoria Pajak, Becky Cardinal, and Lauren Jackson