American Bison

bison bison

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Domain Eukarya- This domain has no chloroplasts or cell walls all multicellular.

Kingdom Animalia-All animals in the kingdom animalia are multicellular and have heterotrophs. They ingest food and digest it in their stomach.

Phylum Chordates- Bilateral symmetry, have three germ layers, have an endoskeleton

Sub-Phylum Vertebrates- Muscles are attached to the endoskeleton, large digestive glands.

Class Mammalia-There are over 500 species placed in 26 orders. They have three middle ear bones and have a vertebra.

Order Even-Toed Ungulates- Have first, second, third, fourth and fifth digits. Have plane symmetry.

Family Bovidae-Largest of the 10 extant families, more than 140 extant, 300 extinct species.

Genus Bison

Species Bison bison

General Description

Bison General Description

Height- On average a bison's height is 59-70 in.

Weight- On average bison weigh 318 to 900 kg or 700 to 1982 lbs

Length-On average a bisons length is 2.1 to 3.8 m or 6.89 ft to 12.47 ft

Color- Bisons fur color ranges from brown to black. But in rare cases there is an albino bison which is white.

Natural range- American bison are found along the West Coast.

Diet- Bison usually eat roots, bark, wood, stems, and leaves.

Habitat description- The American Bison lives in the grass land where there is a lot of food.

Predators- The American Bison has three main predators, the mountain lion, wolves and humans.

Physical Adaptations

  1. The hair on its head,neck,shoulders, and forelegs. This helps it survive in cold temperatures and to keep warm.
  2. The horns are black and curved. This helps it survive because to protect young.
  3. hair is longer in the fount then the back. This helps them survive because in the cold the air hits the front before the back.
  4. Bison have long legs. This helps them survive because when the are running it is easier
  5. Bison have long fur. This helps them survive because when the cold hits they are warm

Behavioral Adaptations

  1. When bison travel, they form a line. This helps them survive because it helps divert predators away.
  2. Bison are good swimmers, capable of reaching 62 km/hr. This helps them survive because if a predator is chasing them they can get away fast.
  3. Males live either individually or in groups that may be as large as 30 males.