Cuba

Cuba, The country of kids, parents, and fun

Facts about Cuba

The known history of Cuba predates Christopher Columbus' landing on the island during his first voyage of discovery on 28 October 1492. Archeological evidence suggests that, before Columbus' arrival, the indigenous Guanajatabey, who had inhabited the island for centuries, were driven to the west of Cuba by the arrival of two subsequent waves of migrants, the Taíno and Ciboney. These peoples, sometimes referred to as the neo-Taíno nations,[1] had migrated north along the Caribbean island chain.

The Taíno and Ciboney were part of a cultural group commonly called the Arawak, which extended far into South America. Initially, the new arrivals inhabited the eastern area of Baracoa, before expanding across the island. The traveling Dominican clergyman and writer Bartolomé de las Casas estimated that the neo-Taino population of Cuba had reached 350,000 by the end of the 15th century. The Taíno cultivated the yuca root, harvested it and baked it to produce cassava bread. They also grew cotton and tobacco, and ate maize and sweet potatoes. According to Las Casas, they had "everything they needed for living; they had many crops, well arranged".[2]

After Columbus' arrival, Cuba became a Spanish colony, ruled by a Spanish governor in Havana. In 1762, Havana was briefly occupied by Great Britain, before being returned to Spain in exchange for Florida. A series of rebellions during the 19th century failed to end Spanish rule. However, increased tensions between Spain and the United States, which culminated in the Spanish-American War, finally led to a Spanish withdrawal in 1898, and in 1902 Cuba gained formal independence.

In the years following its independence, Cuba saw significant economic development, but also political corruption and a succession of despotic leaders, culminating in the overthrow of the dictator Fulgencio Batista by the communist revolutionary Fidel Castro during the 1953-9 Cuban Revolution. Cuba has since[update] been ruled by Castro's Communist Party of Cuba, although Castro himself formally stepped down as leader in 2008, to be replaced by his brother Raúl Castro.[3]

The population of Cuba on October 28th 2012 is approximately 11,127,407. (Extrapolated from a population of 11,400,000 in 2006 and a population of 11,236,444 on June 5th 2010.) This is a list of airports in Cuba

Baracoa-BCA-Gustavo Rizo Airport

Bayamo-BYM-Carlos Manuel de Cespedes

Camaguey-CMW-Ignacio Agramonte Int'l

Cayo Coco-CCC-Jardines Del Rey Int'l

Cayo Largo-CYO-Vila Acuna Airport

Ciego De Avila-AVI-Maximo Gomez Int'l

Cienfuegos-CFG-Las Villas Airport

Havana-HAV-Jose Marti International

Holguin-HOG-Frank Pais Airport

Las Tunas-VTU-Hermanos Ameijeiras Apt

Moa-MOA-Orestes Acosta Airport

Nueva Gerona-GER-Rafael Cabrera Airport

Santa Clara-SNU-Abel Santa Maria

Santiago de Cuba-SCU-Antonio Maceo Int'l

Varadero-VRA-Juan G Gomez Int'l. The most important cities in Cuba are Havana
Camaguey
Cienfegos
Holguin
Pinar del Rio
Santa Clara
Santiago de Cuba