Two Parties Emerge

The 1st election of 1796

New reactions

Because of the fact that the leaders of that time had never seen anything like this before, they were opposed to what was going on. This was seen to be able to only work for specific controversial elections. The older aged leaders didn't understand the new plan being created. The people had now understood that they were a key component to legitimating the governments authority. In today's political system voters express themselves through the allegiances that are in the party. 1796 was the first election where the now seen characteristics began to appear.


Federalists used the campaign of the Constitution and were supporters of the federal administration. Although Washington denounced parties as a horrid threat to the republic, his vice president John Adams became the de facto presidential candidate of the Federalists. The party had its strongest support among those who favored Hamilton's policies. Merchants, creditors and urban artisans who built the growing commercial economy of the northeast provided its most dedicated supporters and strongest regional support.
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Democratic Republicans

The opposition party adopted the name Democratic republicans this said they were all for the extension of the Revolution to ordinary peoples. The supporters of the Democratic-Republicans (often referred to as the Republicans) were from many places in American society, this included farmers with high popularity among German and Scots-Irish ethnic groups. Although it effectively reached ordinary citizens, its key leaders were wealthy southern tobacco makers as was Jefferson and Madison. While the Democratic-Republicans were more diverse, the Federalists were wealthier.
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Their thoughts

Federalists thought they were "friends of order" and had a good form of government. They viewed the Republicans as dangerous people who would summon the anarchy of the French Revolution to America. The Democratic-Republicans weren't fans of the Federalist views. "According to one Republican-minded New York newspaper, the Federalists were "aristocrats, endeavoring to lay the foundations of monarchical government, and Republicans were the real supporters of independence, friends to equal rights, and warm advocates of free elective government.""

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Together they became our leaders

There was little room for compromise here. The out come of the first election said that both sides was close. New England liked Adams, while Jefferson was more liked by the southern states. The mid-Atlantic colonies where party organizations were the most fully developed. Finally Adams ended up winning. John Adams took office. His political opponent Jefferson served as second in command.

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