We help with the "or it could be"

What might the problem be?

* A student loses place when reading, skips words, uses finger to follow along when reading or moves his/her head back and forth. It could be he/she is not a confident reader. Or it could be that eye movement is preventing them from seeing each word easily so they're making adaptations.

* A student reads slowly, has poor reading comprehension or avoids reading. It could be he/she struggles with decoding, isn't interested in the topic or is not a confident reader. Or it could be that reading is difficult due to an eye-movement control problem. If his/her eyes are flitting across the page, a student will find adaptations to try to control it.

* A student struggles to copy things from the board, makes many errors when copying from the board, or struggles to copy information from a text. It could be that he/she is a careless student. Or it could be he/she struggles to focus between the board or text and the paper which prevent him/her from copying information correctly.

* A student confuses similar letters, struggles with spelling or has trouble comparing and contrasting similar concepts. It could be they're not paying attention, are rushing through work. Or it could be he/she is struggling with visual discrimination and can't tell the difference between two things that are similar.

* A student has difficulty recognizing shapes, does not write letters correctly, or struggles to recognize the same word in the next sentence or page. It could be the student is not paying attention, is rushing through work or it could be that he/she has a hard time distinguishing letters and forms from each other.

* A student is unable to find something in their desk, is easily distracted, or can't locate information in a book. It could be they are disorganized and unfocused. Or it could be they are struggling to find one thing because there are so many other things capturing their attention.

* A student has illegible or poorly spaced writing, doesn't write on the lines or struggles with multi-digit math computation. It could be they're just sloppy and rushing through work. Or it could be they have poor eye-hand coordination and they struggle to line things up or see the line.

* A student takes a long time to come to a conclusion, repeatedly asks for direction or explanation, or can do parts of an assignment but not put all the parts together. It could be they are a slow thinker, not an independent worker or disorganized. Or it could be they have a visual closure problem and can't see the "bigger picture" or "can't see the forest for trees."

* A student is inconsistent with following directions whether it be direction for where to write their name on a paper or how to get to another room in the building. It could be they're not paying attention. Or it could be that they struggle with not knowing where things are in space and have a hard time visualizing where things belong.

* A student rocks in his/her chair, tips chair onto back legs, and gets in other people's personal space. It could be they're rude, hyperactive, or unaware of the "personal bubble." Or it could be that the student can't feel where he/she is in space and is unable to control his/her body appropriately.

* A student rests their head on arm while writing, covers one eye when reading or writing, or has poor handwriting with uneven spacing. It could be he/she is tired or rushing through their work. Or it could be that both eyes are not working together to see the whole page or even a whole word.