13.4 Urban Patterns in Europe

European CBDs contain more residents than U.S. CBDs.

Europe's CBDs

More people live in the CBDs of European cities than those in the United States. A central location provides proximity to the regions best shops, restaurants, cafés, and cultural facilities. To serve these people, European CBDs contain consumer services, such as markets, bakeries and butchers.

Sector Models in European Cities

Wealthier people in European cities cluster along a sector extending out from the CBDS.

Concentric Zone Model in European Cities

European cities have relatively few free-standing owner-occupied houses, but to the extent that they exist they are in outer rings. Outer rings of European cities also house most of the urban area's poor people.

Multiple Nuclei Model in European Cities

European cities also show evidence of a multiple nuclei model.