reading and oral language

English Learners @ SPS

March 2019

My English Learners are having trouble with reading. What can I do?

Don't forget that there is more to reading than decoding. If a student does not have enough English to fully comprehend what they are reading, they may be unable to access the text.

Oral language development is crucial for literacy success. It is critical for English Learners.
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The Critical Role of Oral Language in Reading Instruction and Assessment

Here is a short article from Lexia about the importance of oral language.

Strategies for Oral Language Development

  • RAZ kids gives students the opportunity to hear books read aloud as they follow along. This can increase vocabulary and model fluency and grammar usage, in addition to building background knowledge. Consider choosing non-fiction text that corresponds to what students may need to know in your class.
  • Frontload vocabulary by pre-teaching critical information prior to the lesson.
  • As you preview reading materials with students, don't assume that they are familiar with (to you) simple words and concepts. Remember, they likely do know the concept AND the word, just NOT IN ENGLISH.
  • Help students develop word-learning strategies. Learning about context clues, morphology, cognates and graphic organizers can increase reading success.
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