Roman Inventions: Concrete

By Josh Yaklovich

Introducing Concrete

Rome was the first to invent what we call today concrete. Rome built a ton of structures made of concrete. Parts of the Colosseum and Pantheon were build with concrete. The Pantheon was one of the finest Roman structures and is still standing today. The name concrete comes from the Latin word "concretus" which means grow together. About 5 billion tons of concrete are used every year. In our world today concrete is a must or we probably cant imagine modern life without it.

How is concrete made?

Cement is the powder that reacts with water to form cement paste, a hard, solid material for the concrete. The addition of sand and rocks makes concrete. It has been know concrete is a porous material ( the properties depend on pore space).

Extra Concrete facts and connections

-Roman concrete can also be called opus caementicium

-Roman concrete was used to make roads and many buildings just like we do today

-The Romans started making concrete over 2000 years ago

-By the beginning of 2nd Century B.C were using there concrete on large scale construction projects

-The Roman concrete had a different formula than our concrete today

-Roman concrete is about 10 times weaker than our concrete today

-Sea water is very damaging to modern concrete and Roman concrete was a lot more well protected against it

Thanks for REading!

-|- Works Cited -|-

Wayman, Erin. "The Secrets of Ancient Rome's Buildings." Smithsonian. N.p., 12 Nov. 2011. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.

Pruitt, Sarah. "The Secrets of Ancient Roman Concrete." A&E Television Networks, 21 June 2013. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

"10 Innovations That Built Ancient Rome." A&E Television Networks, 20 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

"Beyond the Ordinary: How We Lost the Recipe for Concrete." Beyond the Ordinary: How We Lost the Recipe for Concrete. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2014.