Operant Conditioned Learning Theory
ANALYSIS OF THEORY USING APPLICATION
What is it?
Edward L. Thorndike conducted studies of problem solving in cats. A hungry cat was placed in a small cage with food available right outside the cage. The cat would escape to obtain the food by performing a specific response. After each escape the cat was reward a treat and then put back into the cage. The cat was monitored to see how long it would take for the cat to escape.
B.F. Skinner’s “Skinner Box” Experiment
The “Skinner Box” was a simple device for studying the effects of reinforcers on lab rats/pigeons. Skinner also called it an “operant chamber”. It was essentially a box with a lever for the animal to use so it could obtain food. The device could be set to control timing and frequency of the reinforcements.
TYPES OF LEARNING (AVERSIVE CONTROL)
It is when the organism acquires a response that avoids some aversive stimulation from occurring. For example, when a child is scared of the dark so he/she avoids going into dark area and just stay in well lighted areas or unless they are with someone they know or perhaps a parent.
REAL LIFE APPLICATION OF THEORY
Parenting & Child Development
REINFORCEMENTS & PUNISHMENTS
Negative Reinforcement (- / -)
Remove negative reinforcement to strengthen/continue the behaviour.
Ex. Joey cleans up after himself so his mother doesn’t start nagging.
Specific Reinforcement from the scenario:
- Joey avoids his mother nagging
Specific Behaviour from the scenario:
- Joey cleans up after himself