THE RISE OF AI
"Advocates against the Raise of AI"
Should Robots have rights?
Robot rights are the moral obligations of society towards its machines, similar to human rights or animal rights. These may include the right to life and liberty, freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law but the question is should they be considered equal to humans, since they can react/talk to people? Or should they not be since they can be programmed to not feel pain/anger? But then there are people who can't feel pain and are emotionally stunted who do have rights...and one could argue that robots and humans don't have free will since for robots the programming controls them and for humans society/conscience controls them...
Roboethics is 'concerned with the behavior of humans, how humans design, construct, use and treat robots and other artificially intelligent beings' (web definition). "Should robots have rights?" It really is an interesting question. People should really think about this. We believe that robots are almost all beneficial to humanity. But the control of robots, and the use of automated systems to produce in place of humans, has brought great calamity upon many communities in the world. Robots are spreading in the civilian world, from the flight deck to the operating theatre. Passenger aircraft have long been able to land themselves and driverless trains common too. Due to the rapidly increasing speed and sophistication of computer hardware and software, it has led many people to worry about the possibility of computers or robots awaking from their mechanical sleep and rising up to pose some kind of threat to the human race, even to the extent of taking over the world and either exterminating us, or keeping us as pets.
The use of robotics have mutiplied over the years, Volvo's new car a V40 hatchback which essentially drives itself in heavy traffic can also brake when it senses an imminent collision, as can Ford's B-Max minivan. Fully self-driving vehicles are being tested around the world. Google's driverless cars have clocked up more than 250,000 miles in America. All these inventions have created the human race to become stress free and lives easier, which in others words is lazy.
The replacement of workers, farmers, children/people and industry with robotic technology will always bring strife, even if the robots ultimately mean good for all humans. It is the cultural framework that suffers during the time of upheaval. So the robots are not, themselves, but the process of introducing robots into our communities is not beneficial.
Joseph Weizenbaum, a creator of a computer program, had always been comfortable around robotics or anything electrically powered but one experience in his life changed his view completely. In 1996 he developed ELIZA a computer program that through very clever natural language processing could give people the impression that they are talking to a real person, for example a psychiatrist that understands their problems. He was scared by the emotional involvement that some people put into the communicatio with ELIZA and by researchers who actively tried to use it for psycho analysis since he knew it has no understanding of the problem of psycho analysis at all. In his view, Weizenbaum sees computer programs as useful tools for humans to work with but believes they should only be used if we understand them and their consequences completely.
He claims that 'there is more to the human mind than just the brain and that a simple replication of the brain will never achieve realistic human behavior.'
An example is in the movie A.I. (Artificial Intellgence) where artificial intelligence is truly artificial due to the fact that everything is man made and isn't naturally occurring (e.g. giving birth). In the futuristic tale, a highly advanced robotic boy named David is 11 years old. He weighs 60 pounds. He is 4 feet, 6 inches tall. He has brown hair. His love is real. But he is not. He is a 'marvel of cybernetic progress' who really only wants to be a real boy, loved by his mother and his father in that happy place called home. In most situation, especially in this movie, robots like David come in handy. They help replace humans who have lost a loved one of those who do not want to forget them so making a robotic child/adult would be the easiest choice. But yet many argue that machines should never be allowed to do tasks for which they lack certain qualities that are believed essential and only humans can have (e.g. love, compassion, intuition, creativity).