Fabric is constructed in many ways
Weaving, grain, bias, etc.
- plain weave- the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp ( lengthwise) yearn.
- - A basket weave is one variation, with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarns each pass.
- twill weave- a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns.
- satin weave- a weave that produces a smooth, shiny- surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous.
- pile weave- corduroy, velvet
- dobby- dotted swiss, pique
- Jacquard- brocade, damask
- Leno- fabrics with an ope, lacy appearance.
- weft knits- knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops.
- warp knits- knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction.
- gauge- the number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric.
other ways to construct fabric
- non woven- fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure.
- laces and nets- made by knotting, twisting, or looping years.
- braided fabrics- created by interlacing three or more years to form a regular diagonal patter down the length of the resulting cord.
- bonded fabric- made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination.
- quilted fabric- a layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching.
- blenching- chemical processes that remove color, impurities, or spots from fibers.
- dyeing- a method of giving color to a fiber, yarn, fabric, or garment.
- printing- the process of adding color, patter or design to the surface of fabrics.
- mechanical- finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemically.
- chemical- finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reaction with the fibers.