Fabric is constructed in many ways

Weaving, grain, bias, etc.


  • plain weave- the simplest weave in which the weft (crosswise) yarn is passed over then under each warp ( lengthwise) yearn.
  • - A basket weave is one variation, with the weft yarn passing over two and under two warp yarns each pass.
  • twill weave- a weave in which the weft yarn is passed over and under one, two, or three warp yarns.
  • satin weave- a weave that produces a smooth, shiny- surfaced fabric resulting from passing the weft yarn over and under numerous.
  • pile weave- corduroy, velvet
  • dobby- dotted swiss, pique
  • Jacquard- brocade, damask
  • Leno- fabrics with an ope, lacy appearance.


  • weft knits- knits made with only one yarn that runs crosswise forming a horizontal row of interlocking loops.
  • warp knits- knits made with several yarns creating loops that interlock in the lengthwise direction.
  • gauge- the number of stitches, or loops, per inch in a knitted fabric.

other ways to construct fabric

  • non woven- fibers are compacted together using moisture, heat, chemicals, friction, or pressure.
  • laces and nets- made by knotting, twisting, or looping years.
  • braided fabrics- created by interlacing three or more years to form a regular diagonal patter down the length of the resulting cord.
  • bonded fabric- made by permanently fastening together two layers of fabric by lamination.
  • quilted fabric- a layer of padding or batting is sandwiched between two layers of fabric and held in place by stitching.

fabric finishing

  • blenching- chemical processes that remove color, impurities, or spots from fibers.
  • dyeing- a method of giving color to a fiber, yarn, fabric, or garment.
  • printing- the process of adding color, patter or design to the surface of fabrics.
  • mechanical- finishes that are applied mechanically rather than chemically.
  • chemical- finishes that become part of the fabric through chemical reaction with the fibers.