Nucleic Acids

Made of Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus


There are two types of nucleic acids. One type, such as DNA and RNA, are molecules that store heredity information. The order of their "bases" determine genetic characteristics and traits. Another type, such as ATP and ADP, are molecules that store energy. They are like wheel barrels that transport "hot" or energized electrons.
From DNA to protein - 3D

Structure of a nucleotide


Nucleotides build up nucleic acids. Nucleotides consist of a phosphate group, a sugar group and a nitrogen base. The bases can be A, T, G or C.