18th century enlightment

Nejad Yazbeck

French revolution

The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, experienced violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon that rapidly brought many of its principles to Western Europe and beyond.

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, France. He was the one out of two that survived in the war.

Louis 14th ruled the King of France after his grandfather died. King Louis XIV got the country of France deeply in debt. 1789 King Louis agreed to summon the general he did this in order to raise taxes.
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Scientific revolution

Francis Bacon- as an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution.
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Age of Enlightment

The Enlightenment,(Century of Enlightenment) and in German was a philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 18th century. The principal goals of Enlightenment thinkers were liberty and progress, and ending the abuses of the church and state
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Louis 14th

During Louis's reign, France was the leading European power and it fought three major wars: The franco dutch war, nine years war and the War of Spanish Armada.

Franco-Dutch war- The war ended with the treaty of nejmegan, by which Spain suceeded it and some cities in Flandersto France.

Nine years war- was a major war of the late 17th century fought between King Louis XIV of France, and a European-wide coalition, the grand alliance led by the Anglo-Dutch, Holy Roman Emperor, King Charles II of spain, and the major and minor princes of the Holy Roman Empire.

War of the Spanish Succession- it was the first world war of its times with theatres of war in Spain, Italy, Germany, Holland. Charles II king of Spain died in the early 1700 without an heir to the throne.
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Scientific Revolution

- The Scientific Revolution resulted from a monumental series of discoveries, especially those in astronomy and related fields, in the 16th and 17th century.

- The impact of these discoveries went far beyond the walls of the laborator it created a genuine revolution in the way Western people thought about the world. Participants in this institute will study how the revolution in science and technology was directly linked to revolutions in religion, politics, and society. They will read selections from Kepler, Galileo, and Newton, and see examples of the books they published to spread their ideas.
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