by Ashe Ofield
Biological warfare commonly known as germ warfare is the use biological toxins or infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi to infect and kill plants animals and even humans. Biological weapons can be used to target a single person, a group of people, or an entire population. The practice of mass producing biological weapons was outlawed in 1972. Did you know that if you infected the city of new York with 250 pounds of aerosolized anthrax( a highly lethal poison) it would claim as many lives as dropping a one megaton hydrogen bomb which is one of the most destructive explosive device.
The first recorded use of biological weapons was in the 6th century B.C by the Assyrians who poisoned enemy wells with a type of fungus which left them delirious. In the year 1346 the Mongol warriors used the bodies of warriors who died of plague and catapulted them into the city of Kaffa in Crimea many infected people escaped the city and went across Europe and infected many others the plague later known as Black Death killed 25 million people. One of the most notorious biological operations was in Japan in the 1940's the operation was run by the secret Japanese army unit 731 the unit was commanded by Lieutenant General Shiro Ishii the unit conducted biological weapons experiments on prisoners the experiments were often fatal. In 1972 the U.S, the U.K, the USSR and other nations signed the Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention as a ban on development, production, and stockpiling of biological weapons by 2011 165 countries signed the convention.
This is Lieutenant General Shiro Ishii commander of unit 731
soldiers training for biological warfare attacks
siege of kaffa
illustrates tactics used by Mongol warriors launch dead plague victims over the walls of kaffa