American Revolution

By: Kayla Smart

ACTIVITY ONE- IMPORTANT PEOPLE AND EVENTS

ILOVECODYSCHIAVON

George Washington

George Washington was the first President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He employed a winning strategy that included signal victories at the battle of Trenton.

Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and in many ways was the "First American". He was a scientist, inventor, printer, author and statesman. He helped Jefferson with the draft of the Declaration of Independence.

Intolarable Acts

A series of laws put forth by the British prime minister, Lord North. The intolerable acts was a series of 5 laws. Lord North dubbed the coercive or the intolerable acts the following spring to punish Americans.

John Adams

John Adams was the second president of the United States, having earlier served as the first vice president of the United States. He was the signer of the declaration of independence. Disapproved of the angry crowd that precipitated the Boston massacre.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States. He was elected governor of Virginia and minister of France. Jefferson argued against parliament authorities over the colonies saying that the colonists were only united with England through their voluntary allegiance to the king.

Boston Tea Party

On December 17th a group of colonist disguised themselves as Native Americans and slipped aboard the tea ships anchored in Boston. They threw hundreds of chests of tea into the water. This protest destroyed nearly 90,000 pounds of tea that’s worth about a million dollars in today's currency.

Stamp act

The British made the Americans buy stamp paper for more money; as in 50 dollars more . They imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies. Came at the time when the British Empire was deep in the debt from the seven years' war.

Quebec act

The Quebec act gave the French Canadians full religious freedom and restore the French form of civil law. The Quebec Act is considered one of the intolerable acts for its many western claims of the coast colonies extending.

Boston Massacre

This was between British colonists and British soldiers. The British troops had been in Boston for over two years. A group of Bostonians began throwing snowballs at a guard. Soldiers came running with guns and shot the group.

IMAGE DEPICTING STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDNCE

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The battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of many in the American Revolution.

ACTIVITY TWO- 8 BATTLE SUMMARIES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord

The battle of Lexington and concord was the first "military engagement" of the American Revolution. The battle took place in Middlesex county, province of Massachusetts Bay, and within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy and Cambridge, near Boston. The US colonies won the battle leaving great Britain with 174 injured 73 dead and 53 captured.

1775 Battle of Bunker (Breeds) Hill

This war was important victory for the US war of independence. This battle made both sides realize that this was not going to be a matter decided on by one quick and decisive battle. The battle took place in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Battle started when the colonists learned about the British plan to occupy Dorchester Heights.

1776 Battle of Trenton

Took place in New Jersey. The troops suffered a want of clothing and sense of defeat which quickly translated into high sickness and deseration rates. It was a demoralized army that unraveled in retrear even the commander was upset over " a noble cause lost".

1777 Battle of Oriskany

The design was to cut New England off from the other states and to seize the country between the hudson and Lake Ontario as the vantage ground for sweeping and decisive operations. This battle was for the continent. the strategy embraced the lines from Boston to the mouth of Chesapeake and from Montreal even to Charleston.

1777 Battle of Brandywine

This was a critical time for George Washington; He was just defeated in New York and morale was very low. The victory was essential to give the soldiers hope that a rag tag group of soldiers could indeed be victorious in their struggle for independence.

1780 Capture of Savannah

The american commander Brigadier General Robert Howe of North Carolina made a feeble attempt to defend the city. But the american defense was broken due to near by british troops. with the loss of 550 out of 700 of his soldiers, Howe was forced to retire into South Carolina.

1780 Battle of Kings Mountain

Not determined on an exact location but it was supposedly near North Carolina. They fought for the one and a quarter miles of land that was in between North and South Carolina because it was strategic land. Great Britain won the battle, therefore, they also won the land.

1781 Battle of Cowpens

Decisive victory by American Revolutionary forces under General Daniel Morgan. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British. Great Britain also won this battle.

MAJOR BATTLE SUMMARY

1781 Battle of Yorktown

I believe the battle of Yorktown was a major battle because it was known as the last land battle of the American Revolution, as the surrender of cornwallis's army prompted by the British government eventually to negotiate an end to the conflict. The battle went on from September 28 to October 19, 178. 4000 french and 3000 american soldiers began the march in Newport, Rhode Island. When the actually battle occurred, the US trapped the British with the help of the French. They encircled the British, leaving Cornwallis and his army of 8000 no choice but to surrender. The two sides signed the formal agreement of the British surrender on October 19. This meant the fighting was over and the beginning of American independence would take place. America declared its independence in 1776, but it took another five years to win freedom from the British. With the surrender complete, Cornwallis' army was taken into custody rather than paroled. This battle is the reason that the American's won their independence. that is why I think that the battle of Yorktown is a very major battle.

ACTIVITY THREE- OUTCOMES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Treaty of Paris 1783

The treaty of Paris was signed by US and British representatives on September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary war. It was based on a preliminary treaty agreed to in 1782. This document recognized the independence of the United States and granted the US significant western territories. Other important provisions established US boundaries, specified certain fishing rights, allowed creditors of each country to be paid by citizens of the other, restored the rights and property of loyalists, opened up the Mississippi River to citizens of both nations.

the treaty was signed by John Jay, Benjamin Franklin and John Adamswho negotiated the treaty for the US, and by David Hartley, members of the House of Commons, representing King George III.

Decleration of Independence

The declaration of independence was the founding document of the American political tradition. its made up of three parts- the famous preamble, a list of charges against King George III and a conclusion. The list of charges against the King present examples of violations of those principles. The document stated that all men are equal, and everyone had a right to happiness and to live their lives freely. Jefferson described the deceleration as " An expression of the American mind".

Global Impact

These two documents showed that other colonies could gain independence. It also showed that the British weren't unstoppable anymore.

ACTIVITY FOUR- CENTRAL QUESTION

Why was the American Revolution justified or not justified?

I believe that the American Revolution was justified. If it wasn't it wouldn't have inspired other countries to revolt. The Americans wanted full rights as British citizens but the British refused to give it to them. They focused on making money by using colonies to pay for their own defense. They were willing to pay money for their defense, however they wanted a voice in making decisions on how much and the way in which they would be taxed. Colonies representation of the British Parliament and the Revolutionary War may never have occurred. Another huge impact on the American Revolution was the Boston Tea Party. I found this to be one of the most interesting events of this war. The fact that they would dump a million dollars ( 9000 pounds) worth of tea into the water just to protest because they were sick of being taxed. Thomas Jefferson was one of the people that impacted the American Revolution drastically. Especially since he was the one that wrote the draft of the deceleration of independence. In the end the Americans did win their independence. And I think that even though we could have gone without it happening, the world wouldn't know as much about those important people or events. It wouldn't have shown other colonies that they too could gain there inpendence.

IMAGE SHOWING THE OUTCOME AND LASTING SYMBOL OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

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This picture shows the battle of Yorktown. It shows the US colonies and the French surrounding the British. This is when Cornwallis surrendered to them and ended the final major battle of the Revolutionary War.