Harriet Tubman

by: Molly Ramon

Araminta Harriet Ross (originally named) - Harriet Tubman (full name) Minty; Moses; General Tubman (nicknames)

"I had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had right to, liberty or death; if I could not have one, I would have the other." - Harriet Tubman


Information

Birthday: 1820 (not much is said about which day and month she is born)

Date of death: March 10, 1913; in Auburn, New York

Relationships: at age of 25, she married a free black man named John Tubman in 1844; when Harriet wanted to escape north to Philadelphia John did not want to come with her. She left him in 1849.; she was remarried to Nelson Davis on March 18, 1869. She was married to him for 18 years until he died.

Views on slavery: she was against slavery, as she and her family were slaves

Religion: she was a strong believer in Christianity

Hometown: she was born in Dorchester County, Maryland.; in 1859 she moved to Auburn, New York, where she lived until she died.

People who were friends with Harriet Tubman

Important events in the Civil War that Harriet Tubman was involved in and events that she might have reacted to

Civil War (1861) - Harriet Tubman wanted to enlist in the Union army. She got enrolled as a contraband nurse. She worked in a hospital in Hilton Head, South Carolina; and for some time working at Fortress Monroe.


1862 - Governor Andrew of Massachusetts wanted Harriet Tubman to go to Beaufort, South Carolina to work as a nurse and teacher to the Gullah people of the Sea Islands, who had been left behind by their owners when they fled the advance of the Union Army.


Battle of New Market Heights (September 29, 1862) - 16 African Americans were awarded the Medal of Honor during the civil war. Both sides of the armies suffered many casualties. African American Sector of the 18th Corps. suffered the most. I think that Harriet Tubman would have been proud that a few African Americans got Medals of Honor. And she would have been sad that so many died.


January 1, 1863 - The Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. Harriet Tubman would have been happy that there were no more slaves in the United States.


Summer of 1863 - She worked with Colonel James Montgomery as a scout. She and a group of spies informed Montgomery about slaves who might want to join the Union army. After the groundwork had been done by Tubman and the other spies, she and Montgomery organized the Combahee River Raid. They successfully gathered almost 500 slaves. Almost all of them joined the Union army.


June 1864 - June, 1864, was when Congress granted equal pay. Even in the North racial discrimination was widespread and blacks were often not treated as equals by white soldiers. Even in the North, racial discrimination was widespread and blacks were often not treated as equals by white soldiers. When Congress granted equal pay, the Afican Americans must have been happy to be seen as equal in the eyes of Congress.



Personal Information

Interests/hobbies - Her main hobby was to free slaves by helping them escape through the Underground Railroad. She also gave charity money to black schools and she supported those schools. She was active in the women's rights movement.



Career - She was a slave until she was about 23 years old, before she escaped to freedom. She then worked as a conductor in the Underground Railroad. In 1861 she worked in the Union army as a nurse, scout, and spy. After the Civil War she worked to establish schools for freedmen in South Carolina.


Major Accomplishments - She became one of the most famous leaders of the Underground Railroad. She helped to free almost 500 slaves in the Combahee River Raid. After the war she helped raise money for black schools. She established the Harriet Tubman home for elderly and needy blacks.

Contact Information

Harriet Tubman home - Address - 180 South Street, Auburn, NY 13021 Phone number - 315-252-2081 Website - khill@harriethouse.org


Pictures