Salmonella

Gavi Taylor

How it works

Salmonella is a mild, internal, disease that is cousins with food poisoning. By eating raw meats, uncooked eggs, and some specific vegetables, you can get this virus. Reptiles and birds tote the salmonella bacteria around on their bodies. Make sure to wash your hands after handling these animals. If animal feces somehow makes it on your food, you'll get sick for sure. Even if you don't wash your hands properly after using the restroom, you'll still get sick. If you do get sick, here are some symptoms that may occur:
  • Excessive vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal Cramping
  • Chills
  • Super high fever
  • Mild headaches
  • Diarrhea

What does it do to your body?

After you have consumed salmonella bacteria, it should make its way down to your intestines (eventually). The word gastroenteritis was mentioned a lot in my research. It is another word for diseases or sicknesses that can irritate the stomach and intestines so much, that is becomes severely inflamed. Basically, the digestive system in your body is torn apart. Your stomach will be inflamed and your two intestines will be infected. You can check physically for salmonella too. If you have "rose spots" or a sore abdomen, you most likely have this disease. One of the main signs is you might be dehydrated. If you're dehydrated, you'll most likely notice:


  • Dry mouth and tongue
  • Sunken eyes
  • Decreased amount of urine and tears


If you happen to be severely infected (the bacteria enters your bloodstream), any of the following could be infected:


  • Tissues near your brain and spinal cord
  • Lining of your heart and valves
  • Bones and bone marrow
  • Lining of the blood vessels


If any of these symptoms happen, it could lead to severe damage, or even death.

How to Stay Healthy

This year, people have been trying to come up with a vaccine to help cure salmonella for people in unsanitary areas. The scientists at UC Davis-Led collected 2,700 different proteins, and mixed them together with Salmonella bacteria. Surprisingly, only 14 defended the immune system. They won't be in a clinical trial for awhile, but at least they are working on it. If a person had salmonella in the past, then they can get a vaccine to prevent it again. Typhoid fever (or just Typhoid) is just like Salmonella. Typhoid already has a vaccine, so they're working on one for a disease that is before Typhoid. Salmonella can be stopped for good, if we just do some of these things:


  • Stop factory farming
  • Devote some of our money to help take care of the 3rd world countries
  • Pay more attention to what you buy

History

Salmonella was named after Dr. Daniel E. Salmon in the late 1800's. He was a veterinarian and a microbiologist who discovered this disease.


There is a special award given to alumni from Cornell University in New York. These people somehow have made an impact in either the veterinary or microbiology areas. Dr. Lilia Miller won the award in 2014. She had a sever allergy to animals, but she didn't let that stop her from her dream, being a veterinarian.


In 1984, there was an outbreak of Salmonella in Oregon. 751 people fell sick, and 45 were hospitalized. Someone sprinkled Salmonella bacteria on some salad bars in 7 different restaurants, as an attempt of Bio Terrorism.


In 2010, there was an outbreak of Salmonella, here, in Iowa. Quality Egg said that over 550 million of their eggs had been contaminated. This brought national awareness, and a fine of 6.8 million dollars. The shells of the eggs had been contaminated, not even the egg yolk. The conditions of the farm were dreadful. Insects, dead animals, manure everywhere, and rodents. The CDC said around 1,900 people had reported being sick. Most Salmonella cases aren't severe enough to report, so there was most likely 60,000 unreported cases of the disease.

Foods to Avoid

Fun Facts

  • Food poisoning and salmonella bacteria are 95% - 99% the same makeup
  • There's over 2,300 different species of the disease
  • The bacteria doesn't affect the way the food tastes or smells.

Map of where Salmonella mostly happens

Salmonella generally happens in Pennsylvania, California, Texas, and New York.


Key:


Dark Green- 25+ Cases

Medium Green- 11-20 Cases

Lime Green- 4-12 Cases

Light Green- 1-2 Cases

Big image

Works Cited


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Dr. Daniel E. Salmon. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikipedia. Web.

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Gastro-Intestinal Tract. Digital image. Patient UK. Patient UK. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

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Izzo, Pietro. Eggs. Digital image. Flickr. Flickr, 18 Apr. 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Multistate Outbreak of Human Salmonella Montevideo Infections. Digital image. Cdc.gov. CDC, 28 Apr. 2010. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Salmonella Bioterrorism: 25 Years Later | Food Safety News." Food Safety News. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

"Salmonella Enterocolitis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.

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"Salmonella Infection." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 02 Dec. 2014.

"Salmonella Infection." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

"Salmonella Infection." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

"Salmonellosis." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Rupal Christine Gupta. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Aug. 2014. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.

"Typhoid Fever." 22 Aug. 2012. Web.

"A Vaccine Against Salmonella? | Food Safety News." Food Safety News. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

West, Liz. Lettuce. Digital image. Flickr. Flickr, 23 Aug. 2009. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

"Disgraced Egg Industry Titan Charged over 2010 Salmonella Outbreak." CBSNews. CBS Interactive, 21 May 2014. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.