States Of Matter
Definition- The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape & a definite volume.
- Atoms are packed close together in the solid.
- Low kinetic energy.
- Almost all solids have some type of orderly arrangement of particles at the atomic level.
Definition- The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.
- A liquid always has the same shape as its container and can be poured from one container to another.
- In liquids the atoms are close together but their arrangement is more random.
- Liquids have viscosity.
Definition- Is the state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
- Gases have very high kinetic energy due to the constant random motion of the particles. .
- Gas fills the volume and shape of its container.
- The atoms in a container filled with gas is not arranged in a regular pattern.
Definition- a highly ionized gas containing approximately an equal number of positive ions and electrons.
- Particles have extremely large amounts of energy.
- Can be thought of as a gas consisting of electrons instead of atoms.
- Most common phase of matter in the universe.
Definition- Scientist created this state of matter at 0 Kelvin.
- Einstein and Bose predicted this state of matter in the 1920s.
- Groups of atoms behave as though they are a single particle.
- In 1995, Einstein's and Bose's prediction was correct.
#3 Nucleon inside a neutron star