States Of Matter

Cheyenne Cink

Solids

Definition- The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape & a definite volume.

Details:

  • Atoms are packed close together in the solid.
  • Low kinetic energy.
  • Almost all solids have some type of orderly arrangement of particles at the atomic level.

Liquids

Definition- The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.

Details:

  • A liquid always has the same shape as its container and can be poured from one container to another.
  • In liquids the atoms are close together but their arrangement is more random.
  • Liquids have viscosity.

Gases

Definition- Is the state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.

Details:

  • Gases have very high kinetic energy due to the constant random motion of the particles. .
  • Gas fills the volume and shape of its container.
  • The atoms in a container filled with gas is not arranged in a regular pattern.

Plasma

Definition- a highly ionized gas containing approximately an equal number of positive ions and electrons.

Details:

  • Particles have extremely large amounts of energy.
  • Can be thought of as a gas consisting of electrons instead of atoms.
  • Most common phase of matter in the universe.

Bose-Einstein Condensate

Definition- Scientist created this state of matter at 0 Kelvin.

Details:


  • Einstein and Bose predicted this state of matter in the 1920s.
  • Groups of atoms behave as though they are a single particle.
  • In 1995, Einstein's and Bose's prediction was correct.

Examples:

#1 Superfluids

#2 Superconductors

#3 Nucleon inside a neutron star