Copper (Cu)

by Mason Young

How Was Copper Discovered?

Copper has been around since ancient times and archeologists have proved that mankind has been using it for over 10,000 years. No one knows the person that discovered copper or where it was discovered. Its atomic number is 29 and it has an average atomic mass of 63.546 amu.
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Above is an image of a copper crystal.

What Is It Used For?

American pennies were once made completely out of copper, but now they are made out of zinc with a copper coating. Copper is also used to make jewelry and pipes for water. It can be combined with other metal elements to be strengthened so that it can be used for other things. Also, when copper is in its wire form in big quantities, it is used a lot by the electrical industry.
The picture below is a roll of copper wire.
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Copper In Nature

When copper is in small quantities, it is essential for all living things. It is a very important part for haemocyanin and also redox enzymes. Copper is also existing in a lot of minerals. Main installments of it copper are encountered in the United States, Canada, Africa, and Europe. Carbonates, sulphides, and oxides are the most important copper ores.
Below is a video about copper from YouTube.
Elements: Copper

Cool Facts About Copper

  • The Statue of Liberty was made out of 179,000 lbs of copper
  • the average car contains 50 lbs of copper
  • the average home has 400 lbs of copper for electrical purposes, pipes, and appliances
  • copper is everywhere whether it be televisions, radios, electrical wiring, plumbing, and washers/dryers

References

1. Crescent City Copper. (2011). Copper Blog. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from Crescent City Copper website: http://www.crescentcitycopper.com/copper-blog/15-fun-facts-about-copper

2. GTI. (2014). Bare Copper Wire. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from Paciflex Wires website: http://paciflexwires.com/product-list/bare-copper-wire

3. Jumk.de Webprojects. (2014). Elements Images Archives. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from Hi-Res Images of Chemical Elements website: http://images-of-elements.com/archives.php

4. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility- Office of Science Education. (2014). The Element Copper. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from Jefferson Lab website: http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele029.html

5. Winter, M. (2012). Copper: The essentials. Retrieved December 18, 2014, from Web Elements website: http://www.webelements.com/copper/